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Although the constitutional rationale behind establishing the position of the Governor may remain valid, the evolution in Indian politics necessitates a redefined and updated role for the functions performed by the governor. Critically analyse.

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4. Although the constitutional rationale behind establishing the position of the Governor may remain valid, the evolution in Indian politics necessitates a redefined and updated role for the functions performed by the governor. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

It is time to think about the behaviour of Governors in Opposition-ruled States and to understand the legal consequences of such aberrations.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically write about the issues with respect to office of the governor and possible solutions to it.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give brief introduction of the role of Governor in the Indian Polity.

Body:

First, write about the significance of the post of Governor as enshrined in the Indian constitution.

Next, discuss the issues related to abuse of post of Governor in federal polity failing to the functions impartially and efficiently and why the tag of ‘agent of centre’ is being associated with the office of governor. Substantiate with examples.

Next, Explain the misuse of Article 356, Power of Reserving bill, Partisan role in Hung assemblies etc. with examples of recent times.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.