Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 December 2023

 

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and Interventions, Local body governance

Q1. Empowered local governance is key for forest restoration and management in India. Illustrate using the case study. (10M)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: DTE

Key Demand of the question:

To elaborate on the significance of empowered local governance in the context of forest restoration and management in India, supported by a relevant case study.

Directive word:

Illustrate – Provide examples, case studies, or evidence to support your explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Briefly introduce the concept of local governance and its status in terms of empowerment (73rd Constitutional Amendment)

Body:

Start by explaining why empowered local governance is crucial for effective forest restoration and management.

Show provision of FRA and PESA, giving powers in the hand of gram panchayat for managing community resources such as forest.

Use a case study to illustrate how empowered local governance has led to successful outcomes in forest conservation and restoration.

Conclusion:

Suggest what more needs to be done to empower local bodies in India esp. for forest conservation

 

Topic: Social Justice

Q2. Suicide inflicts profound damage, necessitating multi-sectoral collaborations to achieve a significant reduction in mortality rates in India. Discuss (15M)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Wire

Why the question:

Crimes Against Women and Children, Suicides, Sudden Deaths Increased in 2022: NCRB Report

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Highlight the seriousness of the issue of suicide and its impact on mortality rates in India. Present data and statistics related to suicide rates in India.

Body:

Mention the factors contributing to suicide, such as mental health issues, social factors, etc.

Identify challenges and barriers in implementing effective suicide prevention measures e.g., societal stigma, lack of awareness, and mental health infrastructure as potential hurdles.

Mention strategies for multi-sectoral collaborations, including public awareness campaigns, mental health support systems, and training programs.

Recently, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has announced the “National Suicide Prevention Strategy”. Mention a few of the strategies.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the need to tackle this issue with care and sensitivity.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Environment Conservation

 Q3. The price of India’s development is evident in the degradation of its soil. How can India achieve a balance between development and preventing soil degradation? (15M)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: DTE

Why the Question?

The United Nations celebrates December 5 as World Soil Day every year to commemorate the birthday of the late King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej for his lifelong commitment to raising awareness of the importance of sustainable soil management and rehabilitation for food security, poverty alleviation and more.

Key Demand of the question:

To mention the challenges posed by soil degradation due to development in India and suggest measures for achieving a balance between development and preventing further soil degradation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Briefly highlight the issue of soil degradation in India, and give its status (E.g., A little over half of its soil is affected by varying degrees of degradation)

 Body:

Mention the challenges faced by the country in achieving sustainable development while preventing soil degradation.

Propose measures that can help strike a balance between development goals and soil conservation. You may mention a few of these points:

Promoting sustainable agricultural practices, such as crop rotation and organic farming, helps maintain soil fertility by reducing nutrient depletion and minimizing the use of harmful chemicals. Afforestation, reforestation, and initiatives like India’s Green India Mission contribute to stabilizing soil, preventing erosion, and restoring ecological balance. Composting organic waste improves soil fertility while reducing dependence on pesticides and supports healthy and sustainable food systems. Wastewater and stormwater management, along with strict land use policies,

Conclusion:

Suggest what more can be done to help India secure its soil resource

 

Topic: Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks, Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in Internal Security Challenges, Basics of Cyber Security; money laundering and its prevention.

 Q4. Discuss the components of Cyber Security. Explain the various mechanisms available at different levels to handle them. (10M)

Difficulty level: Easy

 Reference:  Cyber Security

 Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies Paper – 3 and mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To discuss and elaborate on the various components of cybersecurity and to explain the mechanisms available at different levels to handle each of these components.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Briefly introduce the importance of cybersecurity in today’s digital landscape. Highlight the critical role it plays in safeguarding information and systems from cyber threats.

Body:

Firstly, write about various components of cyber security.

Then, explain mechanisms available at different levels to manage them.

Conclusion:

Summarize the key points, emphasizing the holistic approach required in implementing cybersecurity measures. Reiterate the significance of these components and mechanisms in safeguarding against cyber threats.

 

Topic: Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks, Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in Internal Security Challenges, Basics of Cyber Security; money laundering and its prevention.

Q5. Highlight the key provisions of the three recent Bills aimed at transforming criminal laws in India. Evaluate the changes in terms of gender inclusivity.  (15M)

Difficulty level: Easy

 Reference: InsightsOnIndia

 Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies Paper – 3 and mentioned as part of the Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To provide an overview of the key provisions of three recent bills aimed at transforming criminal laws in India. Additionally, the question requires an evaluation of the changes introduced by these bills, specifically in terms of gender inclusivity.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Provide a brief introduction to the significance of recent criminal law bills in India and the broader context of legal transformations.

Body:

Firstly, give an overview of Three Recent Bills

Then, provide an overview of the key provisions.

Finally, Evaluation of Changes in Terms of Gender Inclusivity

Conclusion:

Summarize the key points.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

Q6. Ethical transparency and Ethical accountability should not be just mere words but rather internalized as a habit which should be performed even without any external push. Elaborate. (10M)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To elaborate on the importance of internalizing ethical transparency and accountability as habitual behaviours, emphasizing that these principles should guide actions without external enforcement.

Directive word: Elaborate – Provide a detailed explanation and analysis of the significance of internalizing ethical transparency and accountability as habits, independent of external pressures.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce the concept of ethical transparency and accountability with examples.

 Body:

Discuss the idea that ethical behaviour should become ingrained as a habit. Emphasize the difference between habitual ethical conduct and actions driven solely by external pressures.

Explain the benefits of internalizing ethical principles, such as fostering trust, enhancing organizational culture, and reducing the need for external enforcement.

Provide real-world examples or case studies where organizations or individuals have successfully internalized ethical practices.

Very briefly mention the potential challenges in internalizing ethical habits.

Conclusion:

Propose solutions or strategies to overcome these challenges.

 

Topic: Applications of Business Ethics

Q7. What do you understand by ‘dark patterns’? How does it mislead buyers? Mention ethical concerns related to it. (10M)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: IE

Why the question:

Centre notifies guidelines against ‘dark patterns’ that mislead buyers

Key Demand of the question:

To provide a comprehensive understanding of ‘dark patterns,’ elucidate how they mislead buyers, and discuss the ethical concerns associated with their use.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Introduce the concept of ‘dark patterns’ in the context of digital interfaces.

Body:

Explain how they are employed to influence user behaviour.

Misleading Buyers: Discuss specific ways in which dark patterns are used to mislead buyers.

Next, Highlight the ethical concerns associated with the use of dark patterns.

Discuss issues related to user autonomy, transparency, and the impact on trust.

Briefly mention existing or potential regulatory measures to curb dark patterns.

Conclusion:

Suggest ethical best practices to avoid unethical use of dark patterns.


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE

Please subscribe to Our podcast channel HERE

Subscribe to our YouTube ChannelHERE

Follow our Twitter Account HERE

Follow our Instagram ID HERE

Follow us on LinkedIn : HERE