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Action plan to reduce emissions from the cooling sector

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: DTE

 Context: The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has proposed an action plan to make the global cooling sector more sustainable, aiming to reduce predicted greenhouse gas emissions by 60% by 2050.

  • The cooling sector, vital for combatting rising temperatures, maintaining food quality, and supporting economies, currently accounts for 20% of electricity use.
  • Without intervention, the installed capacity of cooling equipment is projected to triple by 2050, resulting in a doubling of electricity consumption and emissions of 4.4 to 6.1 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.
  • The proposed measures include passive cooling, higher energy efficiency standards, and an accelerated phasedown of climate-warming refrigerants.
  • The action plan also calls for a faster phasedown of hydrofluorocarbon (HFC), exceeding the requirements of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.