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Walking Pneumonia

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: livemint

 

Context: China is facing an unusual surge in pneumonia cases, particularly among children, raising global concerns.

  • The surge is attributed to factors like the lifting of COVID-19 restrictions and the circulation of known pathogens like influenza, mycoplasma pneumonia, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and SARS-CoV-2.

  

About Pneumonia:

  • The pneumonia caused by mycoplasma pneumoniae, often termed “walking pneumonia,” is a mild form of the infection. It is characterized by mild respiratory symptoms, and the bacteria can cause more serious lung infections in some cases.

  

How it spreads?

  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae spreads through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Common symptoms include sneezing, a runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, watery eyes, wheezing, vomiting, and diarrhoea.
  • Groups at higher risk of severe infection include children, the elderly, and those with weakened lungs.

Preventive measures recommended by WHO include vaccination, maintaining distance from ill individuals, staying home when unwell, testing and seeking medical care, wearing masks as appropriate, ensuring good ventilation, and practicing regular hand-washing.