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Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: PIB

 Context: The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) Quarterly Bulletin for July–September 2023 highlights key employment indicators in urban areas:


  • Unemployment Rate: Decreased to 6.6% for individuals aged 15 years and above.
  • Labour Force Participation Rate: Increased to 49.3%, indicating a growing percentage of people in the labour force.
  • Worker Population Ratio (WPR): Grew to 46%, reflecting a rise in the percentage of employed persons in the population.


About The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) (Launched in April 2017) is a survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSO) under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) in India
ObjectiveEstimate key employment and unemployment indicators (Worker Population Ratio, Labour Force Participation Rate, Unemployment Rate) in a three-month interval for urban areas under ‘Current Weekly Status’ (CWS). And estimate employment and unemployment indicators in both ‘Usual Status’ and CWS annually for both rural and urban areas.
Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR)Percentage of the working-age population (aged 15 years and above) that is either employed or unemployed but willing and looking for employment.
Worker Population Ratio (WPR)Percentage of employed persons in the population.
Unemployment Rate (UR)Percentage of persons unemployed among the persons in the labour force.
Activity StatusThe usual activity status is determined on the basis of the last 365 days, while the current weekly status is determined based on the last 7 days.
Types of Activity StatusPrincipal Activity Status (PS): The primary activity status on which a person spent a relatively long time (major time criterion) during the last 365 days. Subsidiary Economic Activity Status (SS): The activity status in which a person, in addition to the usual principal status, performs some economic activity for 30 days or more in the last 365 days.
Current Weekly Status (CWS)The activity status is determined based on the last 7 days preceding the date of the survey.



Prelims Links:

Disguised unemployment generally means (UPSC 2013)


(a) a large number of people remain unemployed
(b) alternative employment is not available
(c) the marginal productivity of labour is zero
(d) productivity of workers is low


Ans: (c)