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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 November 2023

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1.  In evaluating Napoleon’s downfall, it is essential to consider both external military factors and internal challenges.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express.

Why the question:

Napoleon sought to conquer Egypt to undermine British power. He failed. But the scholars he brought with him, have left an enduring legacy.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the factors that led to the downfall of Napoleon.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write about the reasons for the downfall of Napoleon as the emperor of France – Overextension of Napoleon’s empire, formation of the Sixth Coalition, Continental system, Mistakes by Napoleon and Invasion of Russia by Napoleon.

Next, give context about Invasion of Russia by Napoleon and its outcome. Mention how it began the downfall of Napoleon and to what extent it was responsible for his decline.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. Is it time to revisit the criteria for special category status (SCS) and include others into this exclusive category by excluding those who do not need such assistance any longer? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

On November 22, the Chief Minister Nitish Kumar-led Cabinet passed a resolution seeking the grant of special category status (SCS) to Bihar.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about performance of SCS and need to revisit the criteria of SCS.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the aims and objectives behind the grant of SCS.

Body:

First, mention the various criteria on which SCS is granted to states that face geographical and socio-economic disadvantages. Mention the various benefits associated with it.

Next, analyse the performance of states granted SCS over the years. With facts and examples write as to what extent they befitted from the grant of SCS. Mention the drawbacks of grant of SCS.

Next, write about the changes needed in the SCS categorisation and steps required for the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion about SCS.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

3. The money market is a fundamental component of the Indian financial system, providing a platform for short-term financing and the implementation of monetary policy. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The money market in India has witnessed unusual scenes in the last few months. There has been pressure on liquidity ever since the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) introduced an incremental cash reserve ratio (ICRR).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about importance of money markets.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining money markets.

Body:

Write about the importance of money market for India’s economy – Development of Trade and Industry, Development Of Capital Market, Smooth Functioning of Commercial Banks, Formulation Of Suitable Monetary Policy etc. Cite statistics to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Government Budgeting.

4. The effectiveness of fiscal management measures outlined in the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act (FRBMA), depends on their implementation, adaptability to changing circumstances. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

Perceptions have grown in the Eurozone and India that transfers from richer states are funding profligacy in poorer ones. Measures need to be taken to assuage growing resentment.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the performance of FRBMA and changes needed to it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of FRBMA

Body:

First, write about the performance of FRBMA since its inception especially during phases of low economic growth and volatility in global economy. Mention the pros and cons of its performance. Also, mention the various changes made to the act.

Next, write about the changes needed to the act to make it more effective in implementing fiscal discipline.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

5. Addressing the issue of black money has been a persistent challenge with significant economic, social, and political implications. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the menace of black money, its impact and measures needed to end it.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of black money in India.

Body:

First, write about the challenges faced in tackling the issue of black money.

Next, write about the various measures undertaken to tackle black money in India – Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act, 2015, Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs), etc. Also, write about the limitations in ending black money menace.

Next, write about the impact of black money on various facets.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to end black money menace in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: basics of cyber security

6. India, like many other nations, faces a growing challenge in the realm of cybersecurity. Allocating resources and implementing advanced security measures are crucial to have a sound cybersecurity strategy. Analyse.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s cyber security strategy and need for an overall strategy with more emphasis on severe threats and as well adequately addresses mild ones.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic highlighting India’s vulnerability to cybercrimes.

Body:

First, write about the India’s evolving cyber security strategy and its various components.

Next, write about the various types of cyberthreats of varying degree of vulnerability and the disadvantages associated with classifying them as one.

Next, write about measures required to counter the above in policy making and developing a strategy for various types of cybercrimes.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. what is Fortitude? Discuss is its importance with examples. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of fortitude.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining fortitude.

Body:

Explain how Fortitude is firmness of spirit, especially in difficulty. It provides for constancy in the pursuit of virtue. Fortitude is a willingness to freely go beyond the call of duty, to make sacrifices, to act on your convictions. Fortitude includes the courage to confront our personal weaknesses and attraction to vice. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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