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Demand for ratification of the Labour Convention


Source: TH

 Context:  In the wake of the incident (Silkyara Tunnel collapse), the Central Trade Unions have urged the Union government to ratify the labour conventions


Status:  The International Labour Organization (ILO) report reveals that nearly 30 lakh workers globally die annually due to work-related accidents and diseases. It highlights that 79 out of 187 countries have ratified the ILO Occupational Safety and Health Convention (however India has not done so). In India, workers’ safety is covered under the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code (OSHWCC) 2020.


Threats: Long working hours, exposure to particulate matter, gases, and fumes, and occupational injuries are major causes. Mining, construction, and utilities are the most hazardous sectors.


ILO Conventions:

Ratified by IndiaNot ratified by India
Abolition of Forced Labour ConventionFreedom of Association and Protection of Right to Organise Convention
Equal Remuneration ConventionRight to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
Minimum Age ConventionOccupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981
Worst Forms of Child Labour ConventionPromotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 2006
Discrimination (Employment Occupation) Convention