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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 November 2023

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Tourism in India is a powerful force for economic development while simultaneously preserving and showcasing the rich cultural and natural heritage of the country. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Union Tourism Ministry on Wednesday said that it has formulated a model law on adventure tourism which covers the obligations, institutional framework, penalties, registration and the provisions of insurance cover needed for the sector.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential of tourism sector in India and the steps that India needs to take to boost tourism in the country.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic related to tourism in India.

Body:

First, write about the status of tourism in India. Give facts and figures related to revenue and forex earnings, tourist footfalls. Also highlight the diverse nature of tourist circuits in the country.
Highlight the areas where work is needed – security, infrastructure, connectivity and so on. give
details of these three aspects

Next, Mention the steps taken by the government in improving the aforementioned areas through
schemes and programmes like PRASAD, e tourist visa etc. Discuss the steps that need to be taken still to fill in the gaps.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) is significantly positioned to address money laundering activities. Its efficacy depends on the resolution of challenges in implementation, timely prosecution, and prevention of misuse. Critically examine (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Critics argue that amendments to the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) stripped a person of his right under Article 20(3) (fundamental right against self-incrimination) of the Constitution.

Key Demand of the question:

To write successes and limitations of PMLA in achieving its stated objectives.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of PMLA.

Body:

First, write about the various features of PMLA – its successes and limitations when it comes to holding the launderers accountable.

Next, write about the steps that have been taken to improve the conviction rate in the PMLA. Write about its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to holistically address the issue of money laundering in the country.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

3. Discuss the recent occurrence of the ozone hole over Antarctica, its consequences, and strategies to alleviate it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The ozone hole over the Antarctic has not only grown larger but also thinner throughout most of the spring, according to a new study.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ozone hole phenomenon, its consequences, and the possible interactions with climate change.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Frist, write about the natural phenomenon of the ozone hole, its causes, and its implications for the environment and human health.

Next, write about the concerns of scientists about climate change potentially influencing the reopening of ozone holes. Explain the mechanisms or factors that connect these two phenomena.

Next, write about the measures or policies that can help mitigate the impact of climate change on the ozone layer.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

4. Understanding the Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) challenge in India requires political nuance, not just a security lens focused on violent incidents. Elaborate (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the complexities of LWE and write measures to tackle them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving a brief overview of the Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) challenge in India and highlight the need for understanding it through political nuance.

Body:

First, discuss the origins and evolution of the LWE challenge in India, highlighting its political context, ideology, and grievances.

Next, explain why a security lens focused only on violent incidents is insufficient for understanding the LWE challenge and how it can lead to a misguided approach to countering it. Elaborate on the importance of political nuance in understanding the LWE challenge, emphasizing the need to address its underlying socio-economic and political issues, such as land rights, resource distribution, and governance.

Discuss the role of state and non-state actors in perpetuating the LWE challenge and how political nuance can help in engaging with them.

Highlight examples of successful approaches that have employed political nuance in addressing the LWE challenge, such as the Andhra Pradesh model and the peace talks in Jharkhand.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

5. The SAMADHAN strategy against the Maoists can be an effective doctrine to tackle left wing extremism but it has to be a coordinated battle on security and development fronts. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats posed by the convergence of technology and terrorism and steps that should be taken to prevent it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of SAMADHAN doctrine.

Body:

First, write about the various features of the SAMADHAN strategy – S-smart leadership, A-aggressive strategy, M-motivation and training, A-actionable intelligence, D-dashboard-based KPIs (key performance indicators) and KRAs (key result areas), H-harnessing technology, A-action plan for each theatre and N-no access to financing.

Next, write about the need to balanced approach on security and development fronts to tackle left wing extremism.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6.  The simplicity and clarity of the utilitarian approach is attractive because it provides a clear guideline for making ethical decisions. Critically examine. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the philosophy of Utilitarianism and the way it resolves moral issues.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining the philosophy of Utilitarianism in brief.

Body:

In your own words, explain that Utilitarianism is a theory of morality that advocates actions that foster happiness or pleasure and oppose actions that cause unhappiness or harm. When directed toward making social, economic, or political decisions, a utilitarian philosophy would aim for the betterment of society as a whole.

Next, write a critique of utilitarianism.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. Contentment can help you distinguish between wants and needs. Discuss the importance of contentment for civil servants. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of contentment.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining contentment.

Body:

Write about the importance of contentment – Contentment means to be happy with what you have, who you are, and where you are. It is respecting the reality of the present. It is appreciating what you do have and where you are in life. Contentment does not mean the absence of desire; it just means you are satisfied with your present, and you trust that the turns your life takes will be for the best.

Cite suitable examples to substantiate the above.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by summarising.


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