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Ghol as the Gujrat’s state Fish

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: IE

 Context: The Gujarat government recently declared the ghol as the state fish, citing its economic value and uniqueness.

Ghol FishDetails
About Ghol FishThe Ghol fish is a rare and expensive marine species found in the Indo-Pacific region (from the Persian Gulf to the Pacific Ocean), primarily in the marine areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra in India
Nutrients It is loaded with rich nutrients such as iodine, omega-3, DHA, EPA, iron, taurine, magnesium, fluoride, and selenium.
LengthAround one-and-a-half meters. Price increases with length, reaching up to Rs 5 lakh per unit length.
In IndiaOne of the largest fish found in India, primarily in marine areas of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Often referred to as ‘Sea Gold.’ (or known as the “fisherman’s lottery“)Recognized for a pouch in its stomach with potent medicinal properties.
BenefitsGood for eye health, and contains vitamins and minerals. Prevents ageing and wrinkles due to collagen content. Improves infant IQ with Omega-3, stimulating brain cell growth.
Economic ValueDemand for both meat and air bladder. Used in beer and winemaking. Air bladder has pharmaceutical applications. Highly valued in overseas markets, especially China.