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Source: TOI

 Context: Australia has made a historic agreement to provide climate refuge to citizens of Tuvalu, a Pacific nation facing the severe impacts of climate change, particularly rising seas.


About the agreement:

The agreement, known as the Falepili Union, allows up to 280 Tuvalu citizens to reside, work, and study in Australia. Additionally, Australia has pledged funding, including about A$17 million, to assist Tuvalu in adapting to climate change, such as expanding its main island’s landmass by 6%.


About Tuvalu:

Tuvalu, formerly the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located between Hawaii and Australia. It is a volcanic archipelago comprising three reef islands and six true atolls. It is the fourth smallest country globally, with the highest point at 4.6 meters above sea level. It is often referred to as the first country that will be totally submerged, due to climate change.’