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Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: IE 

Context: The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) has developed an improved rice variety, Pusa-2090, as an alternative to Pusa-44, associated with stubble burning.

What is Pusa-44?

It is a variety of rice, known for its high yield but longer maturity period, which contributes to post-harvest stubble burning, as farmers in Punjab and Haryana have little time left for field preparation before subsequent wheat sowing.

During the ongoing kharif season, Pusa-44 dominates paddy cultivation in Punjab, particularly in non-basmati varieties. Basmati varieties, known for producing softer straw and causing less stubble burning, have a smaller cultivation area in comparison.

Recently, the Punjab Chief Minister has announced a ban on the cultivation of the PUSA-44 paddy variety starting next year (2024).


What is Pusa-2090?

It is a cross between Pusa-44 and CB-501, and matures in 120-125 days (compared to 155-160 days for Pusa 44), offering a shorter duration with similar high yields. It aims to address the issue of stubble burning in regions like Punjab and Haryana.


About IARI:

The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) (formed 1905; HQ: Delhi), initially located in Pusa, Bihar, originated as the Imperial Institute of Agricultural Research.  After being renamed and relocated to Delhi in 1936, it is now administered by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)