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What is anti-microbial resistance (AMR)? What are the factors that lead to AMR? Evaluate India’s preparedness in dealing with it.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. What is anti-microbial resistance (AMR)? What are the factors that lead to AMR? Evaluate India’s preparedness in dealing with it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article emphasizes the critical importance of addressing the threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about concerns surrounding AMR, its causes, measures to deal with it.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define AMR and its causes.

Body:

First, Write about the causes of AMR.

Next, write about the why there is global cause of concern – Superbug, Multi drug resistance to bacterium and viruses, Increased cost of treatment, prolonged hospitalisation, increased mortality and less effective inoculation.

Next, write about the various initiatives to tackle AMR – Global Action Plan on AMR, World Anti-microbial awareness week, Delhi Declaration on AMR, National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance etc. Evaluate its efficacy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.