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There is a need for integrating climate-smart approaches into agriculture to ensure food security, reduce the environmental impact, and enhance the resilience to climate change. Discuss.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

4. There is a need for integrating climate-smart approaches into agriculture to ensure food security, reduce the environmental impact, and enhance the resilience to climate change. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

At the African Conference on Agricultural Technology, experts discussed the importance of making urban agriculture climate-smart.

Key Demand of the question: 

To bring out the interlinkage between climate change, farming, poverty alleviation and food security in India and the role climate smart agriculture can play in this regard.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining climate smart agriculture.

Body:

First, write about describing the vagaries of agriculture brought about by climate change such as higher ambient temperatures, less predictable rains, frequent droughts and cyclones.

Next, write about the major features of climate smart agriculture and benefits offered by climate smart agriculture – increase sustainable productivity, strengthen farmers’ resilience, reduce agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration. Substantiate with examples.

Next, mention the limitations associated with by climate smart agriculture and ways to overcome it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.