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Conserving biodiversity hotspots is essential not only for safeguarding unique and endangered species but also for ensuring the health and resilience of the planet’s ecosystems. Analyse.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Conserving biodiversity hotspots is essential not only for safeguarding unique and endangered species but also for ensuring the health and resilience of the planet’s ecosystems. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the criteria for Biodiversity Hotspot, threats faced by the hotspots and measures needed for conservation.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin defining Biodiversity Hotspot

Body:

First, write about the major functions played by biodiversity hotspots.

Next, write about the major threats faced by them – habitat loss and fragmentation, overexploitation of natural resources, climate change, and invasive species.

Next, suggest measures needed to overcome the above threats.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.