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Sansad TV: Strengthening Diplomacy





India has emerged as an influential leader in the world with the spirit of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ i.e. The World is one family. India’s foreign policy is rooted in the principles of democracy. New energy has been given to mutual relations with various countries through high-level bilateral visits. Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar met many global leaders during his visit to Britain and took steps towards strengthening mutual relations.

Bridging diplomacy and development:

  • One of the major objectives of India’s foreign relations has been to leverage international partnerships to advance India’s domestic development.
  • This includes improving technological access, sourcing capital, adopting best practices, gaining market access, and securing natural resources.
  • The recently amended tax treaty with Mauritius is one example of how diplomacy can be used to benefit both investors and the government, and potentially increase India’s tax base.
  • The overall trajectory for India’s development is positive, and the diplomatic momentum has clearly increased.
  • India still has a mountain to climb to fully harness external inputs to advance economically, socially, and technologically.

Diplomacy and military resolve to deter China

  • Indo-pacific diplomacy: India is also stepping up its strategic partnership with like-minded Indo-Pacific partners like US, Japan, Australia etc.
  • Thus, we will see a far greater partnership between India and the United States on issues of mutual interest—which is likely to have a substantial China component.
  • This is seen in India being vocal about recent QUAD meet.
  • Quad-plus: India will also likely look to build greater cooperation through configurations such as the “Quad plus” (expanding the existing grouping of Australia, India, Japan, and the United States to include New Zealand, South Korea, and Vietnam).
  • Indian ocean is the key: New Delhi must invest in and develop its strategic assets—like the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, for instance—to project power across the Indian Ocean.
  • To weather a potential People’s Liberation Army (PLA) attack, India has placed greater emphasis on infrastructure hardening; base resiliency; redundant command, control, and communications systems; and improved air defence.
  • India has grown closer to the US military in recent years, with Washington calling India a “major defence partner” while increasing bi- and multilateral training.
  • In the event of an India-Chin war, US intelligence and surveillance could help New Delhi get a clearer picture of the battlefield

India must manage dynamic interaction between domestic policies of India and its neighbours:

  • The aim of the restructuring is to ensure that domestic policies and objectives are achieved in a much more synergistic fashion than in the past.
  • Indian diplomacy has seen monumental changes over the centuries. These transformations have allowed the country to cope with the changing demands of external affairs.
  • As the MEA prepares itself to meet the aspirations of a 21st-century India, it is clear that the process of evolutionin its institutional underpinnings will have to be a constant one.
  • Getting the institutional design right is key for effective policymakingand given the scale and scope of global transformation, the MEA’s journey may have only just begun.


  • Delhi now takes an integrated view of its interests and pursues them through new and cross-cutting forums (for example, the Quad and the ASEAN are seen as complementary to each other).
  • As India becomes a major economic entity with significant geopolitical force, its ability to shape the intersection between its extended neighbourhood and the world will rapidly grow