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Swachh Bharat Mission

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: TH

 Context: A World Bank paper has highlighted a concerning trend of declining regular toilet use in rural India since 2018-19, despite significant improvements in toilet access due to the Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G) launched in 2014-15.

  • While the program led to substantial increases in toilet access in rural areas, the paper indicates that the annual improvements in toilet use have not been linear and that there have been negative trends over the last two years.
  • The decline in regular toilet use is most pronounced among Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe socio-economic groups.
  • States like Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Himachal Pradesh have witnessed a sustained decline in toilet use since 2018, while seven other states have seen uneven declines.