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Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: India Today

 Context: The Supreme Court of India has directed the central and state governments to ensure the effective implementation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017, also known as the HIV Act.

  • The court also instructed all courts, tribunals, and quasi-judicial bodies to prioritize cases related to HIV-infected individuals for early disposal as per the mandate of Section 34(2) of the HIV Act and maintain the anonymity of HIV-infected individuals.
  • It emphasized the protection of the property of children, their parents, or guardians affected by HIV/AIDS and the care and support of children infected with HIV or AIDS.


HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. It can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) if it’s not treated. There is currently no effective cure, but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled


HIV is spread by contact with certain bodily fluids of a person with HIV

HIV attacks the white blood cells called CD4 cells. This makes a person more vulnerable to other infections and diseases. As the immune system weakens, the person is at risk of getting life-threatening infections and cancers