NASA’s OSIRIS-Rex

Facts for Prelims (FFP)    Source: IE  Context: A NASA space capsule carrying the largest sample ever collected from an asteroid landed on Utah’s Test and Training Range. The capsule was released from the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft, which had been in space for seven years and collected the sample from the asteroid Bennu. Scientists will use this sample …

Galactic tides

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Galactic tides, similar to the tides in Earth’s oceans but on a much larger scale, are caused by gravitational forces within galaxies, resulting from interactions between celestial objects like stars and gas clouds. These tidal forces play a significant role in shaping the evolution of galaxies. They …

India-UN Capacity Building Initiative

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Economic Times Context: India and the United Nations have jointly launched the “India-UN Capacity Building Initiative,” which aims to share India’s development experiences, best practices, and expertise with partner countries in the Global South through capacity-building and training programs. This initiative builds upon India’s extensive cooperation in development and …

75% of Villages Are Now ODF Plus under Swachh Bharat Mission – Grameen

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: PIB  Context: India has achieved a significant sanitation milestone under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase II, with 75% of villages in the country now declaring themselves ODF Plus. As of now, over 4.43 lakh villages have achieved ODF Plus status, a significant step toward the SBM-G Phase II goals …

Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Ganesh Chaturthi

Content for Mains Enrichment   Source: TH Bal Gangadhar Tilak played a pivotal role in transforming the Ganesh Chaturthi festival into a grand community event in India. Before 1893, Ganesh Chaturthi was a one-day private observance. However, Tilak, a prominent nationalist and leader, saw an opportunity to unite and mobilize society against British colonial rule …

Geospatial intelligence

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Science and Technology   Source: TH  What is Geospatial intelligence? It is the collection and integration of data from various technologies like satellites, sensors, and aerial images to create real-time maps and simulations. It aids in identifying and managing threats, supporting emergency response, environmental monitoring, logistics, and more. Geospatial technology uses …

The Draft Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2023

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Science and Technology: Patent Rights    Source: IPIndia  Context: The government has released Draft Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2023 rule, under the Patents Act of 1970.   What is Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)?   What are Patents?  Patents are government-issued exclusive rights that grant inventors or assignees the sole authority to utilize, …

Sansad TV: The Global Debate- Nuclear Safety & Security

    Introduction: Increased shelling around Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in Ukraine has renewed fears of a nuclear catastrophe. World leaders have called for an immediate demilitarisation of the plant and urged both sides to exercise restraint. Risks and concerns associated with nuclear energy: The companies chasing space tourism dollars have drawn criticism for catering …

[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 September 2023

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers. How to Follow Secure Initiative? How to Self-evaluate your answer?  MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday General Studies – 1   Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography. 1. Explain the concept of geospatial intelligence, its …

Philanthropy in India is deeply rooted in its cultural values, promoting the principles of duty, selfless service, and giving back to society. It continues to be a driving force for positive change and societal development. Discuss.

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections. 7.  Philanthropy in India is deeply rooted in its cultural values, promoting the principles of duty, selfless service, and giving back to society. It continues to be a driving force for …

Corruption may appear to offer short-term advantages to some individuals, allowing them to advance even if they are less efficient or qualified. However, it is crucial to acknowledge the far-reaching and detrimental consequences that corruption imposes on society as a whole. Comment.

Topic: challenges of corruption. 6. Corruption may appear to offer short-term advantages to some individuals, allowing them to advance even if they are less efficient or qualified. However, it is crucial to acknowledge the far-reaching and detrimental consequences that corruption imposes on society as a whole. Comment. (250 words) Difficulty level: Moderate  Why the question: …

Rising temperatures have the potential to significantly affect milk production and reproductive success in cattle. Analyse the key factors contributing to these challenges and propose strategies to mitigate the adverse impacts.

Topic: Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing. 5. Rising temperatures have the potential to significantly affect milk production and reproductive success in cattle. Analyse the key factors contributing to these challenges and propose strategies to mitigate the adverse impacts. (250 words) Difficulty level: Tough Reference: Down to Earth Why the question: The article discusses the potential …

India’s pharmaceutical industry should focus on research and development (R&D), innovation, and quality in pharmaceutical manufacturing to ensure sustained growth and global competitiveness. Discuss

Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. 4. India’s pharmaceutical industry should focus on research and development (R&D), innovation, and quality in pharmaceutical manufacturing to ensure sustained growth and global competitiveness. Discuss (250 words) Difficulty level:  Moderate Reference: Live Mint Why the question: The article …

India’s engagement with the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is critical for promoting its interests in the region. Through its membership in the SCO, India can enhance regional connectivity, address security concerns, access energy resources, and balance China’s influence in the region. Analyse.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate. 3. India’s engagement with the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is critical for promoting its interests in the region. Through its membership in the SCO, India can enhance regional connectivity, address security concerns, access energy resources, and balance China’s influence in the region. Analyse. (250 words) …

The Indian diaspora includes a vast pool of skilled professionals, entrepreneurs, and business leaders settled across the globe. Engaging with this talent can lead to knowledge exchange, investment, and economic growth. Analyse.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. 2. The Indian diaspora includes a vast pool of skilled professionals, entrepreneurs, and business leaders settled across the globe. Engaging with this talent can lead to knowledge exchange, investment, and economic growth. Analyse. (250 words) Difficulty level: Moderate Reference: …