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1. Thinking is like a game; it does not begin unless there is an opposite team.


 Introduction: In an increasingly individualistic world, there’s a growing tendency for people to prioritise their own needs, desires, and pursuits over collective or communal experiences. This shift can sometimes lead to a sense that “the other” – referring to individuals and their perspectives outside one’s immediate circle – is gradually disappearing from everyday life.

Essence of the topic: Thinking resembles a game; it requires opposing perspectives to initiate. Just as a game needs opponents, thinking thrives on diverse ideas and viewpoints for engagement and intellectual growth.

Thesis statement: Explain what you understand by the topic. You can explain the process of thinking. What is the role of the other in initiating the thought process?

We live in cyber echo chambers where ‘the other’ often feels unreal

  • Living in cyber echo chambers means that many individuals are exposed primarily to information, opinions, and viewpoints that align with their own beliefs and values. In such environments, “the other” – those with differing perspectives – often appears distant and unreal.
  • Selective Exposure: On social media and online platforms, people tend to follow or engage with content that reinforces their existing beliefs. Algorithms also play a role by recommending similar content, creating a feedback loop.
  • Dehumanisation of Others: In extreme cases, individuals within cyber echo chambers may dehumanise or dismiss those who hold opposing view The “other” is reduced to a stereotype or caricature, making it difficult to empathise or engage in meaningful dialogue.
  • Erosion of Critical Thinking: When individuals are not exposed to dissenting opinions, their critical thinking skills may weaken. They become less practised at evaluating and debating ideas, as they are rarely challenged.

Like a game, the process of thinking thrives on the presence of multiple players

  • Each individual brings their unique perspective to the “game” of thinking. These diverse viewpoints are akin to different players on a sports team, each contributing to the overall strategy and outcome.
  • In thinking, individuals often challenge one another’s ideas, much like competitors in a game. This competition can lead to the refinement and improvement of concepts as individuals strive to outdo each other intellectually.
  • Like a game with specific rules, thinking follows certain logical and rational principle These “rules” help ensure that the game is fair and that conclusions are based on sound reasoning.
  • The presence of multiple players in the game of thinking fosters intellectual growth and development. It encourages individuals to expand their knowledge, challenge assumptions, and continuously improve their thinking skills.
  • Like learning from teammates or opponents in a game, individuals can learn from each other’s experiences, knowledge, and perspectives. This mutual learning enhances the collective intelligence of the group.
  • The Role of Opposition in Innovation: History is replete with examples of innovation that emerged from the clash of opposing ideas. Think of the scientific revolution, where new paradigms in physics and astronomy emerged through the challenge of established beliefs. Opposition has been the driving force behind many groundbreaking discoveries.


Even in thinking about oneself, the presence of the other is essential

  • Mirror Effect: Other people serve as mirrors reflecting our thoughts, behaviours, and identities. When we interact with others, we often see ourselves through their eyes. Their reactions, feedback, and perspectives provide valuable insights into our thoughts and actions.
  • Feedback from others, whether positive or negative, plays a crucial role in shaping our self-perception. It helps us refine our self-concept and adjust our behaviours to align with societal norms and expectations.
  • Interacting with others fosters empathy, which allows us to better understand our own emotions and motivation Through relating to the experiences of others, we gain insight into our inner workings.
  • Identity Formation: Our sense of identity is often shaped in response to our social environment. We define ourselves in part by our roles in relationships (e.g., parent, friend, colleague) and the context of cultural and societal norms.
  • Self-Reflection: Conversations and interactions with others prompt us to engage in self-reflection. We ponder our beliefs, values, and actions, often prompted by discussions with those who hold differing viewpoints.
  • Conflict and Resolution: Conflicts and disagreements with others force us to examine our own beliefs and values. In resolving conflicts, we often question our motivations and biases.
  • Shared Experiences: Many of our most meaningful and formative experiences involve others, whether through friendships, romantic relationships, or shared challenges. These shared experiences become integral parts of our narratives.


Poets and artists think and create in solitude but their thinking and creativity are inspired by the presence of ‘the other’.

  • Poets and artists often engage in deep thinking and creative processes in solitude, but their inspiration and creative wellspring are undeniably influenced by the presence of “the other.
  • Solitude as a Canvas: Solitude provides artists and poets with a canvas for introspection and exploration of their inner thoughts and emotions. It allows them to delve into their unique experiences, fears, and joys without external distractions.
  • Observation of Humanity: While alone, artists and poets often reflect on their observations of humanity. They draw inspiration from the behaviours, emotions, and stories of others encountered in their past or imagined in their minds.
  • Social Commentary: Many artists and poets use their work to comment on society and human relationships. Solitude gives them the space to contemplate social issues, injustices, and the complexities of human interactions.
  • Dialogue with the Past: Solitude allows artists and poets to engage in a silent dialogue with the works of those who came before them. They draw inspiration from the literary and artistic heritage of their culture, building upon and responding to the creative endeavours of their predecessors.
  • Emotional Connection: The presence of others, whether in the form of personal relationships or broader societal dynamics, often fuels the emotions that artists and poets express in their work. Love, conflict, friendship, and loss are among the themes that emerge from these connections.



The presence of “the other” is a catalyst for critical thinking and personal growth. It challenges us to navigate the complexities of a diverse and interconnected world. While it can lead to tensions and disagreements, it also offers the potential for collaboration, innovation, and a deeper understanding of the human experience.