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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 September 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Trace the growth and development of trade in ancient India, focusing on the prominent trade routes. Evaluate how this flourishing trade influenced the cultural aspects of ancient Indian civilization. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the discovery of carnelian beads in the archaeological site of Keeladi, Tamil Nadu, which reaffirms ancient trade links between the region and territories in western India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the growth of trade in ancient India and its impact on culture.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by providing an overview of the importance of trade in ancient India.

Body:

First, write about the historical context of trade in ancient India, including the time periods and regions involved. Highlight the significance of trade routes like the Silk Road and maritime routes.

Next, write about how trade influenced the cultural aspects of ancient India, including religion, art, and language. Discuss the spread of Indian culture to other regions through trade.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. Given that simultaneous elections to parliament and state legislatures are more feasible in a Presidential form of government, should India consider adopting a Presidential system? Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the concept of simultaneous elections in India but within the context of a presidential system rather than the current parliamentary system.

Key Demand of the question:

To write analyse the suitability of Presidential system for India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context as to why India adopted parliamentary form of government.

Body:

First, explain the various issues and limitations of parliamentary form of government.

Next, explain in brief the working of presidential form of government. Mention its pros over parliamentary form of government and then evaluate its limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion.

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. The evolution of India-UAE relationship reflects a recognition of shared security concerns, regional stability goals, and the potential for mutual benefit. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the growing India-UAE relations in aspects of trade, energy, diaspora as well as security.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of growing India-UAE relations in the past.

Body:

In the first part, in brief, giving an account of tries between India-U.A.E till recent times. (You can make use of a flow chart for better presentation).

Next, describe the trade relations – FTA– how it will benefit both India and U.A.E in terms of trade, investments, technology, infrastructure, diaspora and cultural contacts etc.

Next, write about the relations in relation with energy and diaspora.

Next, write about the growing relations in terms of security.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward for realisation of a long and stable partnership.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

4. Examine the evolution, key areas of cooperation, and geopolitical significance of the India-Israel relationship, emphasizing its strategic importance in a changing global landscape. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India-Israel relationship, highlighting its evolution, areas of cooperation, and geopolitical relevance in the contemporary world.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by providing a brief overview of the India-Israel relationship.

Body:

First, write about the Trace the historical evolution of diplomatic ties between India and Israel. Highlight key milestones, such as the establishment of diplomatic relations.

Next, write about the main areas of cooperation between India and Israel – defence and security, technology, agriculture, and water resource management.

Next, write about the geopolitical significance of the India-Israel partnership. Explain how this relationship impacts India’s foreign policy and its position in the Middle East and globally.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion for way ahead.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5.  The multiple entry and multiple exit options proposed in the National Education Policy (NEP), 2020 may not work effectively in India due to challenges related to infrastructure, resources, and quality assurance in the education system. Analyse.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses concerns raised by a parliamentary panel about the feasibility of the multiple entry and multiple exit options proposed in the National Education Policy 2020 in the Indian context.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the multiple entry and multiple exit options  feature of NEP and potential challenges associated with it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context NEP, its aims and objectives.

Body:

In the first part, mention major components of NEP.

Next, write about the issues multiple entry and multiple exit options – its need, relevance and how it was envisaged as part of NEP 2020.

Next, write about the role the various issues in providing multiple entry and multiple exit options and difficulty in implementing it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Assess the causes and consequences of deforestation in India, with a special focus on the environmental, social, and economic impacts. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has started investigating the tiger safari construction case in Jim Corbett National Park.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes, consequences, and strategies for addressing deforestation in India, considering its wide-ranging impacts.

Directive word: 

Assess – When you are asked to assess, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context for the issue of deforestation in India.

Body:

First, write about the primary drivers of deforestation in India, such as agricultural expansion, logging, urbanization, and infrastructure development. Discuss any regional or local factors contributing to deforestation.

Next, write about the environmental impacts, including loss of biodiversity, disruption of ecosystems, and climate change. Social consequences, such as displacement of indigenous communities and loss of livelihoods. Economic repercussions, such as impacts on timber industries and ecosystem services etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 7


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships.

7. Effective civil servants should possess strong ethical and professional competence, avoiding certain traits or vices that can hinder their performance. Discuss.

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning how negative traits and vices can hamper ethical and professional competence.

Body:

First, write which five negative traits and vices should not be present in a civil servant and how they hamper ethical and professional competence of civil servants.

Next, write about the ways to avoid or eliminate them.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of having positive values.


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