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Artificial Reef (AR)

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: PIB

 Context: The Department of Fisheries is actively promoting the use of Artificial Reefs (AR) as a means to rejuvenate coastal fisheries.

  • Under the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY), the department has approved 732 artificial reef units for 10 coastal states.
  • These projects are part of the “Integrated Modern Coastal Fishing Villages” program within the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).
  • The implementation of these artificial reefs is being carried out with technical support from the Fishery Survey of India (FSI) and ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI).


The Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) was launched in May 2020 to bring about a Blue Revolution by promoting sustainable and responsible development in the fisheries sector.


Artificial reefs are human-made structures or objects that are intentionally placed on the seabed to mimic the characteristics of natural reefs. These structures serve various ecological, economic, and recreational purposes.