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One Health Framework to Fight Antimicrobial Resistance

 

Source: OECD, DTE

 Context: A new OECD report highlights the importance of One Health‘s action to tackle AMR.

  • The report emphasizes that antimicrobial resistance (AMR), where microbes become resistant to antimicrobial agents, is a significant global public health threat with far-reaching consequences for people, animals, and the environment. Without stronger One Health action involving people, animals, agri-food systems, and the environment, AMR levels are expected to remain high for at least the next 25 years.

  

Key findings from the report include:

  • High Antibiotic Consumption
  • Rising Resistance: Resistance proportions across 12 antibiotic-bacterium combinations stand at around 20% across OECD countries, meaning that one in every five infections is now caused by superbugs.
  • Global Impact: Approximately 79,000 people lose their lives due to resistant infections across 34 OECD and EU/EEA countries annually
  • Economic Costs: Treating complications due to resistant infections can exceed USD 28.9 billion annually across OECD and EU/EEA countries.

  

Policy Recommendations:

  • The report recommends strengthening infection prevention and control, antimicrobial stewardship programs, environmental and hand hygiene practices in healthcare settings, better food safety practices, improved biosecurity in farms, and increased investments in research and development for new antibiotics, vaccines, and diagnostics.

 One Health Approach: The report underscores the need for a One Health approach involving human and animal health, agri-food systems, and the environment to tackle AMR effectively.