Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
6. Flash floods are sudden and dangerous natural disasters with severe consequences. To mitigate their impact, a combination of preventive measures, early warning systems, and community preparedness is crucial, along with addressing the underlying causes, such as urbanization and climate change. Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Tough
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article discusses recent floods in the Indian state of Gujarat and the political blame game surrounding the management of Narmada river water.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the causes, consequences and steps needed to mitigate the impact of flash floods.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly define flash floods and their characteristics
First, write about the causes of flash floods – Heavy rainfall, Steep terrain and drainage patterns, River and dam failures etc.
Next, write about the Consequences of flash floods – Loss of life and infrastructure damage, Environmental impact Economic implications etc.
Next, write about the Measures to mitigate the impact of flash floods – Early warning systems, Reforestation and watershed management, Community preparedness and awareness etc
Conclude with a way forward.