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Case Study: Gender impacts of Climate change in Jharkhand

GS2/GS3/GS1 Paper 

 Syllabus: Government policies and Intervention/ Environment Conservation/ Impact on women


Source: DTE

 Context: Climate change in Jharkhand has gender-specific impacts, as women and girls in both rural villages and urban slums face unique challenges:

Impact on Women and GirlsChallengesConsequences
Agriculture and LivelihoodMale migration for work due to poor productivity in agricultureWomen taking on extra chores traditionally carried out by men e.g., roof repair
Health VulnerabilitiesInability to seek emergency medical services at night in male absenceIncreased health risks due to limited access to healthcare
Increased WorkloadScarcity of resources like water and firewoodBurden on girls with more responsibilities leading to school dropouts and early marriages
Unsafe MigrationLimited awareness of migration safeguardsSafety concerns and harassment during migration
Lack of knowledge about safeguards against abuse
Poor Working ConditionsWomen working in factories endure poor conditions, lower wages and health hazardsHealth hazards, skin reactions, and long hours
Extreme heat and water scarcityWater and firewood scarcity increases the time spent collecting them by women, and cattle must graze in distant areas due to a lack of available grass (creating issues about the safety of girls)
Disrupted Caregiving When women migrate for work and leave their children in the care of their father or grandparents, caregiving gets disrupted in their absence, and many times, the men use the money they send back for alcohol, which makes the children more vulnerable.


To address these challenges, solutions include rainwater harvesting systems, reviving traditional eating habits, and promoting the cultivation of millets and local nutritious foods. Awareness and preparedness for climate change impacts are also emphasized.


Best Practices for Women’s Involvement in Climate Change Plans:

Best PracticesDescription
Clean Cook Burners in KenyaCharlot Magayi assists Kenyan women in switching from dirty cook burners to clean ones, improving community health and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Solar Sister Program (Africa)Women-led program, Solar Sister, helps communities establish small-scale solar systems for energy independence, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution.
Female Scientists in AfricaFemale scientists contribute local knowledge to bridge gender gaps in climate research and agriculture across Africa.
Gender and Climate Change Development Programme (South Asia)A program in South Asia aims to empower women in policymaking, providing them with a stronger voice in climate policy decisions.
SEWA in IndiaThe Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) in India educates women farmers on adapting to changing climate patterns for improved financial stability.


Insta Links:

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Mains Links:

Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality. poverty and malnutrition to be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples. (UPSC 2021)