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Kalaignar Magalir Urimai Thittam

Content for Mains Enrichment


Source: TH

 Context: Kalaignar Magalir Urimai Thittam is a women’s rights grant scheme just rolled out in Tamil Nadu aimed at providing financial support to eligible women recognized as heads of families.

Under this scheme, eligible women are entitled to receive a monthly rights grant or basic income of ₹1,000 each. This amounts to an annual grant of ₹12,000 per beneficiary. The intention is to improve the livelihood of women, enhance their standard of living, and promote self-respect in society.


Beneficiary families should meet the following economic criteria:

  • Annual income below ₹2.5 lakh.
  • Ownership of less than five acres of wetland or less than ten acres of dryland.
  • Consumption of less than 3,600 units of electricity per year for domestic use.


A similar scheme has been launched by the Karnataka Government:

Karnataka Gruha Lakshmi Scheme supports women heads of families by providing eligible women will receive financial assistance of ₹2000 per month.

Usage: The examples can be used in Indian Society/ Social Justice/Women-related Questions in UPSC Mains Paper.