Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
5. While there is enthusiasm for transitioning to renewable sources, various factors like economic and political considerations, as well as energy inequality, can impede progress. Examine. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The article discusses the challenges and complexities surrounding the global target for renewable energy by 2030.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the various obstacles to energy security in India and ways to ensure energy security.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context regarding the energy security in the country.
First, write about the various impediments to India’s renewable energy sector – High capital costs, Lack of transmission infrastructure, Land acquisition, Storage, Financing challenges etc.
Next, write about ways to balance between clean energy commitments while balancing energy security.
Conclude with a way forward.