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While India has made strides in promoting EV adoption, challenges remain, primarily related to cost, infrastructure, and awareness. Government policies and investments in charging infrastructure will continue to play a crucial role in shaping the future of EV adoption in India. Evaluate.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6. While India has made strides in promoting EV adoption, challenges remain, primarily related to cost, infrastructure, and awareness. Government policies and investments in charging infrastructure will continue to play a crucial role in shaping the future of EV adoption in India. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

Science shows that replacing internal combustion engines (ICE) that power our diesel and petrol cars can eliminate toxic tailpipe emissions in our polluted cities, along with significantly lowering heat-trapping carbon emissions from fuel combustion.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the evaluation of India’s move towards electric vehicles (EVs), focusing on progress, challenges, government initiatives, and the future of the EV ecosystem.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing the electric vehicles (EV) technology vis-à-vis fossil fuel based vehicles.

Body:

First, write about India’s progress in transitioning towards electric vehicles (EVs). Highlight the increase in the number of EV sales, the growth of EV charging infrastructure, and the initiatives taken by automakers to introduce EV models in the market.

Next, write about the key challenges hindering widespread EV adoption in India. Discuss issues such as high upfront costs, limited charging infrastructure, range anxiety, and consumer perceptions. Address the need for addressing these challenges through policy interventions and public awareness campaigns.

Next, write about the key factors influencing EV adoption.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.