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What is the rationale behind delimitation of electoral constituencies? Explain the functions of delimitation commission. What are the issues associated with delimitation exercise?

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3. What is the rationale behind delimitation of electoral constituencies? Explain the functions of delimitation commission. What are the issues associated with delimitation exercise? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about delimitation, functions of delimitation commission and problems associated with it.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining delimitation under Article 82.

Body:

In the first part, write about rationale behind the delimitation – follow the principle of “One Vote One Value”, equality, Fair division of geographical areas etc.

Next, write in detail about the functions of delimitation commission.

Next, write about the various issues associated with delimitation and ways that it can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.