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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 September 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. By actively embracing linguistic diversity, countries can strengthen their social fabric and promote unity among their citizens while celebrating the uniqueness of each linguistic community. Analyse.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses the role of English as a common language in India, connecting multilingual communities since the British Raj.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of linguistic diversity and its role in building national solidarity and social inclusion.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly explain what linguistic diversity is.

Body:

First, in detail comment upon the Need and importance of preserving linguistic diversity – Cultural Identity, Cultural Diversity, glimpse of our past etc. Write about the links between promoting linguistic diversity and social inclusion and national solidarity.

Next, Discuss the Government efforts in this direction in terms of statutes, provisions in the constitution, technological measures etc.

Next, write about the limitations of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to overcome the limitations.

 

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

2. Hyper-globalization has led to increased cultural exchange and influence. A decline in hyper-globalization may impact the adoption of global cultural elements in Indian society. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The narrative that underpins the global economic system is in the midst of a transformative plot twist. Since the end of World War II, the so-called liberal international order has been premised on the free flow of goods, capital and finance, but this global arrangement now seems increasingly anachronistic.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ending of hyper-globalisation across the world, its impact on the Indian society.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by defining hyper-globalisation.

Body:

First, write about the various features of hyper-globalisation citing a few examples.

Next, write about the factors that have led to deglobalisation across the world and why these factors mark a possible end of hyper-globalisation era.

Next, write about the positive impact of the above – sustainable and equitable economic policies, support small-scale farmers, increase access to healthcare and education etc.

Next, write about the negative impacts – reduced economic growth and job creation, diminishing foreign investment etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to address the negative impacts.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3. What is the rationale behind delimitation of electoral constituencies? Explain the functions of delimitation commission. What are the issues associated with delimitation exercise? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about delimitation, functions of delimitation commission and problems associated with it.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining delimitation under Article 82.

Body:

In the first part, write about rationale behind the delimitation – follow the principle of “One Vote One Value”, equality, Fair division of geographical areas etc.

Next, write in detail about the functions of delimitation commission.

Next, write about the various issues associated with delimitation and ways that it can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

4. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) is considered one of the most important institutions in the Indian government and plays a crucial role in promoting good governance and ensuring the proper utilization of public resources. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the powers, functions and responsibilities of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) in India.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating that the Constitution of India provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) and relevant articles mentioned in the constitution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the major functions of CAG – responsible for auditing and accounting of all receipts and expenditures of the Government of India and the state governments.

Next, write about its audit functions – performance audits, compliance audits, and financial reviews of various government programs and initiatives.

Next, write about its reports to uphold transparency and accountability – reports prepared by the CAG are presented in the Parliament, and the findings are discussed and debated by the Members of Parliament.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

5. While India and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have developed a multifaceted partnership in various areas, there are several obstacles that can impede the full realization of their potential collaboration. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressThe HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Speaking at the 20th ASEAN-India summit in Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday (September 7) said ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) is the “central pillar” of India’s Act East Policy and the country fully supports the group’s centrality and outlook on the Indo-Pacific

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the role of strategic partnership with ASEAN and its mutual benefits and limitations for both sides.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the historic engagement of India-ASEAN relationship.

Body:

Bring out the importance of geographical proximity of the ASEAN countries and its strategic, security and economic implications to India. Also mention about the sociocultural dynamics, mobilisation of group level funds and promotion of domestic infrastructure projects based on few examples.

Next, write about the inter-link between India’s Indo-Pacific strategy works in tandem with its Act East Policy.

Next, write about various obstacles in their partnership and its implications of the above on India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that a good relation with ASEAN nations is crucial for India, in order for India to look beyond its neighbours, in its global diplomatic journey.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6. While India has made strides in promoting EV adoption, challenges remain, primarily related to cost, infrastructure, and awareness. Government policies and investments in charging infrastructure will continue to play a crucial role in shaping the future of EV adoption in India. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

Science shows that replacing internal combustion engines (ICE) that power our diesel and petrol cars can eliminate toxic tailpipe emissions in our polluted cities, along with significantly lowering heat-trapping carbon emissions from fuel combustion.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the evaluation of India’s move towards electric vehicles (EVs), focusing on progress, challenges, government initiatives, and the future of the EV ecosystem.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing the electric vehicles (EV) technology vis-à-vis fossil fuel based vehicles.

Body:

First, write about India’s progress in transitioning towards electric vehicles (EVs). Highlight the increase in the number of EV sales, the growth of EV charging infrastructure, and the initiatives taken by automakers to introduce EV models in the market.

Next, write about the key challenges hindering widespread EV adoption in India. Discuss issues such as high upfront costs, limited charging infrastructure, range anxiety, and consumer perceptions. Address the need for addressing these challenges through policy interventions and public awareness campaigns.

Next, write about the key factors influencing EV adoption.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. Sreekanth is District Magistrate of La La Land. The land is home to diverse communities, living in harmony despite occasional tensions. However, recent events have led to an increase in communal tensions and an atmosphere of distrust.

Sreekanth’s reputation as a just and fair administrator is well-known. As the District Magistrate, he finds himself in the midst of a delicate situation when he receives a call from both the influential MLA and the Mayor. They request his assistance in demolishing what they claim are illegal constructions linked to the minority community.

The MLA and Mayor assert that these constructions have been established without proper permits and are a result of the recent riots, which they attribute to the minority community. They claim that these buildings serve as hotbeds of dissent and must be torn down to maintain peace and security in the region.

Sreekanth is faced with an ethical dilemma. On one hand, he understands the importance of maintaining law and order in the region. On the other, he senses a hidden agenda behind the MLA and Mayor’s request. He knows that blindly complying with their demands could lead to further unrest and fuel division among the communities.

    1. What are the options available to Sreekanth?
    2. Critically analyse the above-mentioned actions?
    3. Which actions should Sreekanth choose? Why?
    4. What are the ethical issues in the above case?

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