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Critics argue that the Collegium system lacks transparency in the selection and appointment of judges. Over the years, there have been calls for reforming the judicial appointment process to make it more transparent, accountable, and inclusive. Examine.

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government;

2. Critics argue that the Collegium system lacks transparency in the selection and appointment of judges. Over the years, there have been calls for reforming the judicial appointment process to make it more transparent, accountable, and inclusive. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the process of selection of SC and HC and evolution of the process of the appointment of Judges to the SC and the reforms that are needed to the existing collegium system.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of collegium system.

Body:

Frist, show evolution of appointment process. Mention, in brief, the three judges’ cases and NJAC act, 2014.

Next, write about the reasons which call for reforms to the existing collegium system. Opaqueness, lack of accountability, lack of representation from weaker sections, slow pace of appointments and lack of public faith etc.

Suggest reforms to overcome the above issues that are affecting the collegium system.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.