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Backlog of cases in the legal system, can be attributed to a combination of systemic, structural, and procedural factors. Analyse. Suggest measures to overcome them.

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government;

3. Backlog of cases in the legal system, can be attributed to a combination of systemic, structural, and procedural factors. Analyse. Suggest measures to overcome them. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various causes for pendency of cases in India, its impact and suggest measures to overcome this issue.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving vital statistics to substantiate on the judicial pendency of cases.

Body:

First, write the causes for it – The cumulative effect of persisting vacancies, strained budgets, inadequate infrastructure combined with the continuous inflow of cases inevitably impacts mounting pendency and the time taken for cases to resolve.

Next bring out the impact of it – faith in the justice system, under trial prisoners their due of justice, impact on Economic reforms and foreign investors, Judiciary becomes overworked and lose its efficiency.

Suggest measures to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude writing a way forward.