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Addressing the challenges in urban solid waste management requires a multi-pronged approach involving infrastructure development, awareness campaigns, policy reforms, and technology integration. Discuss.

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Addressing the challenges in urban solid waste management requires a multi-pronged approach involving infrastructure development, awareness campaigns, policy reforms, and technology integration. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The article discusses the potential benefits of digitalizing waste management in Indian cities and towns. It highlights that adopting digital technologies can lead to cleaner and more sustainable urban environments.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about challenges associated with Solid waste management (SWM) and remedies for the issue.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by defining Solid waste management.

Body:

First, explain the challenges pertaining to SWM in India – infrastructure, sanitation, manual scavenging, lack of disposal, pollution etc.

Next, write about various ways to tackle it – leveraging Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) 2.0, periodic data collection on waste generation, strict segregation at source, improving waste collection efficiency and exploring Waste to Energy options.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.