China’s ‘Sponge Cities’ and Their Flood Challenges

Content for Mains Enrichment   Source: Reuters Context: China’s recent devastating floods have raised questions about the effectiveness of its “sponge city” initiative launched in 2015 to reduce urban flood risks.   What is a “sponge city”? A “sponge city” is an urban initiative that employs nature-based solutions like permeable surfaces, canals, ponds, and wetland …

House Panel Urges Government to Ensure Fertilizer Availability and Local Production

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Agriculture   Source: The Hindu  Context: The Standing Committee of Parliament on Chemicals and Fertilizers, led by Shashi Tharoor, has presented two reports highlighting concerns about fertilizer availability, subsidies, and GST rates on fertilizer components.   Concerns and Recommendations by the Committee: What are Fertilisers?  A fertiliser is a natural or artificial …

CAG Audit: National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Governance, Government programme and policies   Source: DTE Context: An audit conducted by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) has revealed that approximately Rs 79 crore was improperly transferred to ineligible beneficiaries under the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) of the Ministry of Rural Development between 2017 and 2021. …

Centre’s Bill on Election Commission Appointments

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Constitutional Bodies: Election Commission   Source: IE, IE   Context: A Bill (Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners (Appointments, Conditions of Service, Term of Office) Bill) has been proposed by the Centre in the Rajya Sabha to amend the process of appointing Chief Election Commissioners (CEC) and Election Commissioners (ECs) in …

[ Day 49 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – World History & Ethics

  World History   Q1. Briefly discuss the economic, social and cultural implications of the Industrial Revolution in India. (10M) Introduction Industrial Revolution, in modern history, the process of change from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturing. These technological changes introduced novel ways of working and living and …

[ Day 48 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Modern India and Post-Independence & Ethics

  Modern India and Post-Independence   Q1. How did the Indian Home Rule Society’s activities on foreign soil contribute to the broader Indian independence movement back home? (10M) Introduction The Indian Home Rule Society (IHRS) was founded in London in 1905 by Shyamji Krishna Varma. The society’s goal was to promote the cause of Indian …

[ Day 47 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Art and Culture & Ethics

  Art and Culture   Q1 Briefly mention the legal protection available to Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) in India. Also, highlight the major changes envisaged under AMASR (Amendment) Bill. (10M) Introduction In India, Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) are protected under the 1958 AMASR Act. The country has …

[ Day 46 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Ethics

  Ethics   Q1. What do you understand by this quote? “In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.” – Martin Luther King Jr.   Introduction: The quote emphasizes the importance of speaking up against injustice and the role of silence in perpetuating or challenging …

[ Day 45 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Ethics

  Ethics   Q1.  What do you understand by this quote? “Knowledge speaks, but wisdom listens.” – Jimi Hendrix Introduction: Jimi Hendrix’s quote says that while knowledge is the accumulation of facts and information, wisdom goes beyond that, acknowledging the importance of humility, empathy, and introspection. Body: In this context, the quote highlights the significance …

[ Day 44 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Ethics

  Ethics   Q1.  Do you think we are as open to moral learning as we were in schools when we grow up? Critically analyze (10M) Introduction: Moral learning is the compass that guides individuals towards virtuous paths. The extent to which we remain open to moral learning as we grow up has profound implications …

[ Day 43 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS3 Full & Ethics

  Q1. Discuss briefly the threats created by the use of advanced technologies such as drones, GPS systems, and encrypted messaging services by state and non-state actors for India’s Internal Security. How is India dealing with them? (10M) Introduction The use of advanced technologies such as drones, GPS systems, and encrypted messaging services presents both …

[ Day 42 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS3 Full & Ethics

  Q1. How is nanotechnology being applied to improve the quality of human lives across various sectors? (10M) Introduction Nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary field that involves the study, manipulation, and application of materials and devices at the nanoscale, typically ranging from 1 to 100 nanometres (nm). At this size range, materials exhibit unique properties and …

[ Day 41 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS3 Full & Ethics

  Q1. What is the role of Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) in the Indian agriculture sector. Mention few initiatives taken to strengthen the functioning and effectiveness of PACS in India. (10M) Introduction The Primary Agricultural Cooperative credit societies (PACS) constitute the lowest tier of the three-tier Short-term cooperative credit (STCC) in the country comprising …

[ Day 40 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Ethics

  Q1. How does the Enforcement Directorate contribute to the prevention and investigation of financial crimes in India? (10M) Introduction The Directorate of Enforcement is a multi-disciplinary organization mandated with investigation of offence of money laundering and violations of foreign exchange laws. It functions under the Department of Revenue of the Ministry of Finance. Body: …

[ Day 39 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Ethics

  Q1. Mention the key methods used for money laundering. What role does technology play in fuelling money laundering techniques while also bolstering anti-money laundering efforts. (10M) Introduction Money laundering is the process of creating the appearance that large amounts of money obtained from criminal activity, such as drug trafficking or terrorist activity, originated from …

[ Day 38 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Ethics

    Q1. How does the lack of socio-economic development in certain regions of India contribute to the rise of extremist ideologies and activities? Illustrate with examples. (10M) There are always groups in every state who feel alienated because they perceive that they are left out of the developmental efforts. Such perceptions coupled with inefficient …

[ Day 37 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Environment & Ethics

  Environment   Q1. India’s status as the world’s TB capital persists, casting a shadow over its ambitious goal of eradicating tuberculosis by 2025. Critically examine the statement. (10M) Introduction Tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and the leading cause from a single infectious agent, ranking above HIV/AIDS. It is an …

[ Day 36 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Environment & Ethics

  Environment   Q1. Elaborate on India’s plan to in adopting “green hydrogen” technology as part of its clean energy transition? What technological impediments are hindering India in achieving it. (10M) Introduction India has formulated plans to adopt “green hydrogen” technology as a crucial component of its clean energy transition. Green hydrogen, produced using renewable …