Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)

Content for Mains Enrichment   Source: DH Researchers have created a breakthrough Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) that enables a severely paralyzed woman to communicate using a digital avatar. This marks the first instance of synthesizing speech and facial expressions directly from brain signals.   How do BCIs work? Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) establish a direct communication pathway …

Air Pollution Shortens Indian Life

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Environment Conservation: Air pollution   Source: DTE Context: The Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) report by the University of Chicago reveals that fine particulate air pollution (Particulate Matter 2.5) reduces the average Indian’s life expectancy by 5.3 years. This figure is based on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) guideline of 5 …

First UN guidance on Children’s Rights and Environment

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Social Justice   Source: DTE  Context:  The United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) has issued ground-breaking guidance (first of its kind), General Comment No. 26, recognizing children’s rights to a clean and sustainable environment, with a focus on climate change.   Impact of Climate Change on Children: …

Fali S Nariman on Basic Structure Doctrine

GS Paper 2  Syllabus: Indian Constitution/ Judiciary   Source: IE  Context: Fali S. Nariman discusses the significance of the Basic Structure Doctrine   What is the Basic Structure Doctrine? The doctrine of basic structure is a judicial innovation that puts a limitation on the amending powers of the Parliament. The doctrine was propounded by the …

[ Day 61 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS3 & Ethics

GS3   Q1. How do changes in climate patterns, such as shifting rainfall patterns and temperature variations, impact the suitability of current cropping patterns in India? (10M) Introduction Cropping pattern can be defined as the proportion of area under different crops at a point of time, changes in this distribution overtime and factors determining these …

[ Day 60 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS3 & Ethics

GS3   Q1. Expert says that Indian private sector investment has been weak for almost a decade now. Identify the factors inhibiting it and suggest measures to address them. (10M) Introduction Private investment, one of the pillars of economic growth, had been lacklustre for a long time, falling from 31 per cent of the GDP …

[ Day 59 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS2 Full & Ethics

GS2   Q1. ‘SMART’ administration still has a long way to go. Critically examine the statement. (10M) Introduction The term “SMART” administration refers to an approach to governance that is Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive, and Transparent. It is an attempt to make government more efficient, effective, and accountable to the people. Body: Steps taken for …

[ Day 57 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – International Relations & Ethics

International Relations   Q1. How has BRICS’ original role as a platform for major emerging economies evolved over time. What factors have driven this shift? (10M) Introduction BRICS is the group composed of the five major emerging countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. It together represents about 42% of the population, 23% …

[ Day 58 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – International Relations & Ethics

GS2   Q1. ‘The 21st century is going to be the Indian century’. Analyse. (10M) Introduction With a rich history, a diverse and youthful population, burgeoning economic growth, and technological advancements, India is increasingly recognized as a significant player on the world stage. As the global landscape undergoes transformative shifts, the idea that India’s influence …

[ Day 55 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Governance & Ethics

Governance   Q1. In what ways do informal pressure groups differ from formal organizations in their approach to shaping public policy. Discuss using examples. (10M) Introduction A pressure group is commonly identified as an ‘organized body of individuals who share goals and who try to influence public policy’, encompassing groups such as think-tanks, lobby groups, …

[ Day 53 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS1 & Ethics

  GS Paper 1   Q1. Explain how India’s geographical location and diverse climatic zones play a role in making it susceptible to different types of natural disasters? (10M) Introduction Situated in South Asia, India spans a vast territory, ranging from the towering Himalayas in the north to the expansive coastline along the Arabian Sea …

[ Day 54 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Polity & Ethics

  Polity   Q1. How does the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) contribute to upholding integrity and accountability in public affairs in India? (10M) Introduction The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is an apex Indian governmental body that is responsible for maintaining integrity in the public administration system. It was established in 1964, based on the recommendations …

[ Day 52 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – GS1 & Ethics

  GS 1   Q1. British administration in India underwent a transition from the diarchy system to direct control during the colonial era. Elaborate. (10M) Introduction The transition from the diarchy system to direct control in British administration in India marked a significant evolution in the colonial governance of the subcontinent. This shift, occurring during …

[ Day 51 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Geography & Ethics

Geography   Q1. How do the differences in fertility rates among Indian states affect the overall demographic dividend prospects for the nation? (10M) Introduction India is currently at a crossroads in terms of its demographic dividend prospects. Some states, such as Bihar and Meghalaya, have very high fertility rates, while other states, such as Andhra …

[ Day 50 – Synopsis ] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2023 – Indian Society & Ethics

  Indian Society   Q1. The institution of marriage rests on equal partnership. Comment (10M) Introduction The institution of marriage is a socially and legally recognized union between two people that establishes rights and obligations between them and their families. It is a universal human institution found in almost every culture and society. While traditional …

[Mission 2024] STATIC QUIZ, 31 August 2023 – Polity

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[Mission 2024] QUED ( Questions from Editorials ) 31 August 2023

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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 August 2023

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers. How to Follow Secure Initiative? How to Self-evaluate your answer?  MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday General Studies – 1   Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. 1. India and Pakistan need to adapt …

while it is true that moral norms are primarily aspirational and prescriptive, it is also important to recognise their functional and descriptive aspects. Discuss.

Topic: dimensions of ethics; 7. while it is true that moral norms are primarily aspirational and prescriptive, it is also important to recognise their functional and descriptive aspects. Discuss. (150 words) Difficulty level: Tough Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4. Key Demand of the …