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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 August 2023

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

1. Unlike Fundamental Rights, which are justiciable and can be enforced by the courts, DPSPs are non-justiciable, meaning that citizens cannot directly approach the courts to enforce them. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the concept of DPSP and their classification while commenting on their criticism and making it justiciable.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining what DPSP’s are.

Body:

First, in detail, Discuss the Directive Principles of State Policy, its importance in the Indian Constitution and the history of its conflict with Fundamental Rights.

Next, classify them in detail; Socialistic Principles, Gandhian Principles and Liberal-Intellectual Principles.

Next, write in detail about the criticisms against it. Comment on making certain DPSPs as justiciable and scope for it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising and giving a balanced view on DPSPs.

 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. The Fundamental Duties serve as a reminder of the responsibilities citizens have towards the nation and society, balancing the rights provided by the Constitution. Whether these duties should be enforced is a subject of debate. State your opinion on the debate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about whether or not fundamental duties should be enforced.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving brief about Article 51 and Part IV-A of the constitution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the rationale behind enactment of article 51, its aims and objectives that it strives to achieve.

Next, write about the advantages of enforcing certain fundamental duties – greater unity, spirit of fraternity etc

Next, wite about drawbacks of enforcing fundamental duties – lack of enforcing mechanism, additional burden on governance etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on the issue.

 

Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

3.Interference in the functioning of Election Commission of India (ECI) or even the perception of bias on its behalf can erode its credibility and weaken democratic institutions. Hence, ECI’s independence is vital to ensuring the integrity of India’s democratic processes. Comment.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the issue of autonomy of the Election Commission of India (ECI). It highlights recent events that have raised concerns about the commission’s independence and decision-making process.

Directive:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the issues in the functioning of ECI and suggest measures to overcome the same.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of ECI.

Body:

First, write about the challenges and issues in the functioning of the ECI – Appointment issues, security of tenure, post-retirement appointment, financial autonomy, conflict between constitutional and legal powers and upholding its credibility etc.

Next, write about the reforms that are needed in order to resolve the above-mentioned issues and challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4.  Fostering an enabling environment for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) can further enhance their contributions to India’s economic and social development. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The editorial discusses the significance of supporting small enterprises in India. It emphasizes that small businesses play a crucial role in generating employment, promoting economic growth, and fostering innovation.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about contribution of MSME in India’s growth and development.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving factual status of proportion of MSME vis-à-vis the population dependent on it also adding the dimension of the demographic demand of India.

Body:

Elaborate upon the importance of MSMEs in socio-economic development of the country. GDP growth, Job creation, exports and entrepreneurship etc.

Next, Mention about the challenges faced by MSMES – challenges faced by small enterprises, including limited access to credit, regulatory hurdles, and competition from larger players etc.

Next, mention the steps that are required to overcome the above hurdles.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward and summarising the overall impact of MSMEs in socio-economic development of India.

 

Topic: inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. A well-designed Universal Basic Income (UBI) could be an effective way to address poverty and inequality. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article discusses the concept of Jan Dhan 2.0, a potential evolution of the Jan Dhan Yojana scheme in India, and suggests considering the implementation of a Universal Basic Income (UBI) in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

To discuss the concept of Universal Basic Income (UBI) as a social welfare policy and assess its potential implications for poverty reduction and economic development in India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin giving context and defining the concept of Universal Basic Income (UBI)

Body:

First, write about Universal Basic Income (UBI) and its key features. Discuss the rationale behind implementing UBI, including its potential to alleviate poverty and provide a safety net to citizens.

Next, write about the challenges of UBI implementation in India and potential implications of UBI on economic growth and development, including its impact on the labor market and government finances.

Conclusion:

Conclude by presenting a balanced view on the feasibility and desirability of implementing UBI in India.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.” ― Aristotle

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about being knowing oneself, self-awareness and its importance in developing character. Elaborate upon how being honest with oneself results so many benefits for individual morality. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the honesty in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make man a more clever devil.” ― C.S. Lewis

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Elaborate upon the quote and mention the role of value education in making a person ethical. Mention the ways in which education shapes up ethics. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the counter view that education can also be devoid of ethics and its consequences. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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