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Solution for Mitigating human-wildlife conflict

Content for Mains Enrichment 


Source: TH

 In Assam’s Udalguri district, efforts are underway to secure a significant elephant habitat and reduce human-elephant conflicts. This initiative involves planting 25,000 saplings of native tree species, including Amla and bel, both crucial for elephants’ diets. The project spans a 100-hectare habitat within the Rowta Reserve Forest, situated in proximity to Bhutan’s border.

The chosen tree species, such as gamhari, jamun, bhumura, arjun, elephant apple, and khair, are studied to be essential components of elephants’ diets.

Furthermore, to promote human-elephant coexistence, alternative livelihood opportunities have been provided to communities impacted by conflicts with elephants. Training in poultry farming has been extended to villagers, particularly women, across the Garo Hills region.

 Usage: This holistic approach underscores the importance of restoring natural habitats, ensuring biodiversity, and fostering harmonious relationships between humans and wildlife. The example can be used in Environment conservation Questions.