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“State of India’s Birds, 2023″ report

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: IE, IE

 Context: The State of India’s Birds, 2023″ report reveals a widespread decline in most bird species across the country, with some currently declining and others projected to decline in the future.


Key Findings:

  • Raptors, migratory shorebirds, and ducks have experienced the most significant declines.
  • However, several species like the Indian Peafowl, Rock Pigeon, Asian Koel, and House Crow are thriving and increasing in both abundance and distribution.
  • The assessments, based on data from around 30,000 birdwatchers, indicate that 60% of the 338 species with identifiable long-term trends have declined, while 36 species have increased.
  • Specialist bird species, which inhabit specific habitats like wetlands and rainforests, are facing rapid declines, while generalist species capable of adapting to various habitats are faring better.
  • Long-distance migratory birds, such as those from Eurasia and the Arctic, have suffered significant declines, while resident species remain more stable.
  • Birds with diets focused on vertebrates and carrion have seen notable declines, potentially due to harmful pollutants present in these food resources.
  • The report emphasizes the decline of species endemic to the Western Ghats and Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspots.


The main threats to birdlife in India highlighted in the report include:

  • Climate Change
  • Urbanization
  • Monocultures
  • Energy Infrastructure