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Expansion of BRICS

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Multilateral Organizations


Source: IE


Context: The alliance of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa invited six more countries (Iran, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Argentina, Egypt, and Ethiopia) to join, starting in January 2024.


India’s stance on expansion:

  • India welcomed the consensus-based expansion of the BRICS grouping during the 15th BRICS summit in Johannesburg.
  • The move strengthens BRICS as a representative of developing countries
  • India has proposed creating a BRICS space consortium, investing in skill mapping, technology, and education, and emphasising cooperation for conservation efforts.
  • The expansion is aimed at making BRICS future-ready by enhancing cooperation, digital solutions, and development initiatives.


Significance for India:

The addition of new members to BRICS holds significance for India in terms of expanding partnerships and geopolitical influence, while also raising concerns about potential pro-China dominance within the alliance.

Concerns: Concerns exist that the expansion could lead to increased pro-China influence within BRICS, possibly side-lining other member voices.



While it strengthens BRICS’ position as a platform for developing countries, there’s a need for India to ensure its voice and interests aren’t overshadowed by the growing influence of China and other new members.