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Mangrove swamps are crucial ecosystems that provide numerous ecological and protective benefits. However, habitat loss due to various factors severely impacts their ability to function as natural coastal protectors. Analyse.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6. Mangrove swamps are crucial ecosystems that provide numerous ecological and protective benefits. However, habitat loss due to various factors severely impacts their ability to function as natural coastal protectors. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

West Bengal which is home to about 40% of mangrove forests in India, announced the setting up of a ‘Mangrove Cell’ in the State, on the occasion of the International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the importance of mangroves and to bring out the various threats faced by them.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the answer by briefly writing about mangroves and their ecosystem.

Body:

You can draw simple and illustrative of map showing important mangroves.

Write about the role of mangroves as the first line of defense against erosion and flooding. Also mention about the other ecological benefits of mangroves as well as its unique flora and fauna.

Next, write about the various threats that mangroves are facing which is making them ecologically fragile and climatically vulnerable such as Coastal development, clearing for agriculture, excessive Aquaculture &Salt Production, River changes: Dams and irrigation, Destruction of coral reefs, Pollution and Climate change etc. Cite necessary examples, facts and figures to substantiate your point.

Conclusion:

Write a way forward to protect the Mangrove ecosystem of India.