GS Paper 4
Syllabus: Applications of Ethics
Context: As AI plays a growing role in decision-making, concerns arise about its ethical implications in governance.
Ethics is a broader and more systematic study of principles that guide behavior in a given context, while morality is the individual’s internalized sense of right and wrong shaped by personal and cultural factors.
The integration of AI into decision-making raises questions about whether AI can exhibit ethical behaviour and morality.
|AI’s Potential for Ethical and Moral Behavior
|Understanding Ethics and Morality
|For e.g., AI systems can be trained to identify hate speech and offensive content to maintain a respectful online environment.
|AI can be programmed to mitigate biases and avoid unfair discrimination.
|AI can make ethical decisions based on predefined rules and data. (but lacks true moral understanding)
|Learning from Data
|AI learns from data, which might include biased or unethical information, leading to unintended consequences.
|Ethics in AI: Kantian Perspective
|Applying Kantian ethics to AI decision-making within governance raises concerns. Delegating decisions to algorithms could undermine human moral reasoning and responsibility. Isaac Asimov’s ‘Three Laws of Robotics’ also highlights the challenges in translating ethics into AI rules.
|Programming Ethics into AI: A Complex Task
|Programming ethical AI is more challenging than programming AI for tasks like chess due to the intricate nature of ethical considerations.
|Autonomy and Intent
|AI lacks consciousness and intent, making its actions neither inherently moral nor immoral. E.g., A robot that assists the elderly with daily tasks completes them efficiently but without genuine care or compassion.
|Accountability and Liability
|As AI assumes decision-making roles, accountability questions arise. If AI-based decisions turn out to be unethical, who bears responsibility? Punishing AI is problematic as it lacks emotions. Deciding who is accountable—AI developer, AI user, or AI itself—poses a significant challenge
|E.g., Social media algorithms, while aiming to show relevant content, might inadvertently create echo chambers and reinforce biases.
|AI’s ability to learn and adapt can lead to ethical shifts over time, requiring ongoing evaluation.
|The ethical behaviour of AI often requires human oversight and intervention. E.g., Content moderation platforms use AI to flag potentially inappropriate content, but human moderators make final decisions.
Ethics integration into AI is intricate, and its implications must be approached with care. While AI can contribute to decision-making, ensuring its ethical behaviour requires addressing complex challenges and considering liability scenarios.
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