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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 August 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)

1. In the 19th century, silk production in India was centered around traditional sericulture regions like Mysore, Bengal, and Assam. However, over time, there have been shifts in the location of silk industries due to various factors. Explain. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the factors that determine the location of Silk industries in India and as well trace the change in these locations from 19th century till the present times.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly first bring out the current locations of silk industries in the country.

Body:

Explain the factors that determine the location of silk industry. Comment on the key factors – labor, raw material and market. Use the map of India to highlight the factors and respective locations – Karnataka, Assam, Jammu and Kashmir etc. Then move onto trace the changes in the location; discuss the factors such as technology, advancement in science etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of the industry in the country.

 

Topic: factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

2. Non-geographical factors play a crucial role in determining the location of industries across different sectors. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the non- geographical factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world in detail with suitable examples.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain that Industrial locations are complex in nature. These are influenced by the availability of many factors. Some of them are: raw material, land, water, labor, capital, power, transport, and market. However there are many non-geographical factors too.

Body:

Discuss the non-geographical factors in detail – Capital investment, Availability of loans, Investment climate, Government policies/regulations, Influence of pressure groups etc. manufacturing activity tends to locate at the most appropriate place where all the factors of industrial location are either available or can be arranged at lower cost. In general, it should also be noted that both lower production cost and lower distribution cost are the two major factors while considering the location of an industry. Sometimes, the government provides incentives like subsidized power, lower transport cost, and other infrastructure so that industries may be located in backward areas.

One should quote relevant examples from India and across the world to justify the answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the importance of above.

 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

3.  The acceptance of Partition in 1947 marked the culmination of a gradual progression towards accommodating the League’s unwavering advocacy for an independent Muslim state. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question: 

The article discusses historian Aditya Mukherjee’s perspective on blaming Gandhi and Nehru for the partition of India in 1947.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the factors that were responsible for the partition of India.

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by writing that partition was the result of Congress’s inability over the course of the national movement to draw Muslim masses in large numbers into the struggle for freedom.

Body:

Write about acceptance of partition in 1947 marked the culmination of the All-India Muslim League’s efforts, driven by Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s advocacy for a separate Muslim state. This gradual progression towards partition was influenced by factors such as communal tensions, political negotiations, and the changing dynamics of World War II.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the note that partition turned out to be a bloody affair, as opposed to expectations that it would be free of any violence.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Inclusivity goes beyond diversity, encompassing respect, collaboration, and equal opportunities for all individuals, regardless of their background. Discuss the steps that are required to create inclusive workplaces that value and empower every employee. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article discusses the concept of creating truly inclusive workplaces and highlights its importance.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the significance of inclusivity and steps needed to make public spaces inclusive.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the importance of Inclusivity in Public spaces – play a crucial role in providing access to information and fostering a composite culture, promote equal access to knowledge and information, serve as community hubs, fostering social interaction and engagement etc,

Next, in detail, write about the challenges in Creating Inclusive spaces -Financial constraints and limited resources, Lack of awareness about the importance of inclusivity, Accessibility issues for individuals with disabilities and Language barriers etc.

Next, write about the strategies needed to overcome the above challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. There is a need for vigilant monitoring of the country’s inflation situation and its impact. Policymakers should be well-prepared to address the challenges posed by a potential surge in inflation. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu ,  Insights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the anticipation of a surge in inflation based on recent inflation data. It emphasizes that there were indications pointing towards this inflationary trend.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about inflation, its impact and measures needed to keep it under control.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining inflation.

Body:

First, write about the impact of inflation on various macroeconomic parameters – purchasing power, growth, cost of living, availability of credit and exchange rates etc.

Next, write about the measures that are taken to keep inflation under tolerable limits – the monetary policy measures, fiscal policy measures and price control measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Happiness depends upon ourselves.” – Aristotle

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting the relation between happiness and ones action.

Body:

Write about ones action determines the consequences of the action as well the emotions from it. Good actions lead to happiness and bad actions to sadness/guilt. Mention how happiness is an outcome of our own actions. Justify with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Freedom is not just about breaking chains; it’s about celebrating the beauty of our cultural tapestry.”  – Ban Ki-moon

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning about importance of culture

Body:

Write about how independence by nature should allow people to express their culture. If there are restrictions place of people’s culture, it will defeat the purpose of independence.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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