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EDITORIAL ANALYSIS : A time-tested friendship


Source: Indian Express


  • Prelims: Current events of international importance(India-Switzerland relations, Limestone Calcined Clay Cement, CO2, Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) etc
  • Mains GS Paper II: Bilateral, regional and global grouping involving India, Significance of Indo-Pacific for India etc



  • Treaty of Friendship and Establishment between Switzerland and India of 1948 was the first of its kind and one of the very first bilateral agreements concluded by newly independent India.



India-Switzerland Relations:

India-Switzerland Relations 

Areas of collaboration:

  • Vocational training
  • Milk production and manufacturing
  • Health
  • Climate
  • Information technology


Switzerland contribution:

  • It invested in Farmers and workers by
    • Setting up vocational training institutions in Chandigarh,
    • Milk farmer cooperatives in Kerala
    • Rail wagon factories in Tamil Nadu.


India’s Contribution:

  • India’s expertise in information technology
    • It has been cornerstones of Swiss-Indian relations
    • It has greatly benefitted enterprises in Switzerland
      • fixing the millennium bug
      • support the Swiss industry towards digital transformation.


Recent collaboration between Swiss and Indian scientists:

  • Development of Limestone Calcined Clay Cement
    • A climate-friendly alternative to conventional cement
    • It is responsible for up to 8 percent of CO2 emissions globally.
    • LC3 is 30-40 percent less carbon-intensive.
    • It could make a tangible impact in reducing global carbon footprint.


Economic cooperation:

  • Switzerland is the 12th largest foreign investor in India.
  • Over 330 subsidiaries, joint ventures, branches, and liaison offices of Swiss companies are active in India.
  • A substantial number of them are manufacturing in India and exporting from India.


Way Forward

  • India will be a country of choice for Swiss companies, researchers, and innovators.
  • The future of Swiss-Indian friendship will be defined by cooperation in three specific areas:
    • Working towards a sustainable future
    • deepening collaboration in healthcare for global good
    • cooperation in technology for the benefit of humanity.
  • Both countries are actively working to establish a Swiss-Indian Innovation Platform that will bring together the best universities in both countries and the best of innovative Swiss and Indian enterprises.
    • The official launch of the Swiss-Indian Innovation Platform will focus on one of the most pressing global health risks – Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).
  • A Free Trade Agreement between the European Free Trade Association (comprising Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland) and India is also on the horizon.
    • It will deepen trade ties
    • It will increase investments and innovation in India and Switzerland.



Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of this technology has helped India in its socio-economic development?(UPSC 2016) (200 WORDS, 10 MARKS)