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Remittances to India

 

Source: FE

Context: Remittances to India surged by 26% to reach approximately $112 billion in FY23, marking a significant increase from the approx $89 billion recorded in FY22.

 

This growth in remittances reflects the heightened demand for Indian professionals globally following the pandemic.

 

What are Remittances?

Remittances are funds sent by migrants to their families and friends in their home countries. They serve as vital income and foreign exchange for numerous developing nations, particularly in South Asia.

  • Private remittances significantly contribute to India’s current account, helping offset the trade deficit that often arises from merchandise trade.
  • Remittances are typically classified as part of the current account in a country’s balance of payments.

 

India’s Status:

  • India has consistently remained the leading global recipient of remittances for several years.
    • This is in contrast with FDI inflows, which were lower at about $71 billion in FY23, down from about $85 billion in FY22
  • The top five recipient countries for remittances in 2022 were India, Mexico, China, the Philippines, and Pakistan
  • The top sources for inward remittances to India in 2020-21 were the
    • USA (over 23%)
    • UAE (18%)
    • UK (about 7%)
    • Singapore (about 6%)
    • Saudi Arabia (about 5%)

 

In January 2023, The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) allowed NRIs living in 10 countries to use UPI using their international mobile numbers, for real-time fund transfers, allowing remittances to be sent and received instantly.