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Pradhan Mantri Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (PM-USHA) scheme


Source: TH

 Context: Fourteen States and Union Territories, including Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal, have not yet signed a crucial Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Union Education Ministry to implement the National Education Policy (NEP) as part of the Pradhan Mantri Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (PM-USHA) scheme.


Why have states not joined PM-USHA?

PM-USHA scheme mandates that States implement the National Education Policy in order to avail funds worth almost ₹13,000 crore for the next three years. Also, 40% of the fund has to be arranged by States themselves. States argue they don’t have funds for bringing in NEP-related changes.


RUSA (Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan) Scheme has been renamed as “Pradhan Mantri Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (PM-USHA)” (a Centrally Sponsored Scheme ) in June 2023 in light of National Education Policy
ObjectiveEnhance quality in higher education institutions, ensure compliance with norms and accreditation standards, foster governance and academic reforms, and encourage research and innovation.
FocusPM-USHA aims to transform higher education, ensure quality and equity, and foster innovation, research, and employability in alignment with the National Education Policy.
Key Features·        MERU (Multidisciplinary Education and Research University) Transformation: Rs 100 crore support to each of 35 state universities for multi-disciplinary education and research.

·        Model Degree Colleges establishment

·        Grants for Strengthening Universities

·        Targeting remote, LWE-affected, aspirational, and low Gross Enrollment Ration regions

·        Aid to state government for gender inclusion, equity, and ICT-based employability skills.

What was RUSA?RUSA, as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme launched in October 2013, aimed at providing strategic funding to higher education institutions throughout the country.