Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
7. Rawls’ ideas have had a significant influence on political philosophy and discussions about justice, equality, and the role of government in ensuring a just society. Elaborate. (150 word)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about Rawls’ theory of justice and its implications
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context of Rawls’ theory of justice.
Write about the theory – It emphasizes equal basic liberties for all individuals, ensuring personal autonomy and dignity. The difference principle advocates for inequalities that benefit the least advantaged, reducing disparities and providing a safety net for the vulnerable.
Next, write about the criticism of the theory.
Conclude by summarising.