Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);
2. India’s diverse climatic conditions have given rise to a wide range of natural vegetation types, each adapted to specific environmental conditions. Examine the major threats to vegetation in India. (250 words).
Difficulty level: Easy
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To mention in detail about different types of vegetation in India and to identify major threats to Indian vegetation.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by talking about how the varied climatic conditions has given rise to wide range of natural vegetation.
Mention about the different types of vegetation present in India. Draw a simple representative map of India highlighting major vegetation in India.
Explain in detail, the types of vegetation. Account for the major climatic factors responsible for it, the major features of each vegetation and major flora – fauna found there.
In the next part, bring out the major threats to Indian vegetation such as deforestation, mining, over grazing, climate change and invasive species etc. Cite some facts from recently released Indian State of Forests Report 2019 to substantiate above.
Conclude with a way forward on how to safeguard the Indian vegetation.