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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 August 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. While local salinity patterns are indeed influenced by factors like rainfall and evaporation, the salinity of the world’s oceans is determined by a complex interplay of various global processes. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about to factors which determine the salinity of the oceans.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is ocean salinity.

Body:

Write about the various factors that determine the salinity of the oceans – Evaporation, Freshwater flow influx, temperature, density, Ocean Currents, Precipitation, Atmospheric pressure and Wind direction. Give examples from across the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the above.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. Explain the primary and secondary factors responsible for the formation of ocean currents. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the factors responsible for formation and movement of ocean current.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining ocean currents.

Body:

Draw a small illustrative diagram showing major ocean currents.

Mention primary and secondary factors responsible for their formation – insolation, atmospheric circulations, gravity and the effect of Coriolis force, Temperature and salinity differences and water density etc.

Conclusion:

Summarize the importance of Ocean currents.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. In the context of Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2023, examine the need to delicately balance between the right to privacy and the right to information and their coexistence in the digital age. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explores the tensions between the right to privacy and the right to information, prompting a deeper analysis of their coexistence in the digital era.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the complexities of balancing the right to privacy and the right to information and the impact on individual rights and government accountability.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about aims and objectives of Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2023.

Body:

First, write about the major features of Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2023.

Next, discuss the Right to Privacy – its significance as a fundamental right, the challenges posed by technological advancements, and its relationship with the digital age.

Next, discuss the Right to Information – its role in promoting transparency and accountability in governance, the challenges of managing sensitive information, and its intersection with privacy concerns.

Next, write about the Delicate Balance – discuss how the right to privacy and the right to information often come into conflict, especially in the digital era, where personal data is vulnerable to misuse.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

4. Analyse the role that an industrial policy plays from an economic growth perspective and its implications for sustainable economic development. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article discusses the renewed attention to industrial policy and its potential merits in the context of economic development, prompting a deeper examination of this shift in economic thinking.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about industrial policy and its potential impact on economic growth and development.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by objectives of concept of industrial policy.

Body:

In the first part, write about the need for an industrial policy – changing global economic dynamics, the limitations of laissez-faire policies, and the need for strategic government intervention etc.

Next, write about the potential implications of industrial policy on growth and development – including the promotion of domestic industries, innovation, job creation, and sustainable economic growth.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Assess the significance and challenges of harnessing tidal energy as a renewable source of power in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The article discusses the efforts of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) to assess the potential of tidal energy in India, prompting a deeper examination of the significance and challenges associated with harnessing this renewable energy source.

Key Demand of the question:

To assess the significance and challenges of tidal energy, and to discuss the steps taken by MNRE in this regard.

Directive word: 

Assess – When asked to assess, you must consider the strengths and weaknesses of an argument and come to a conclusion after weighing the evidence.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce the concept of tidal energy.

Body:

First, discuss the Significance of Tidal Energy – explain the advantages of tidal energy, including its predictability, low environmental impact, and potential to contribute to India’s renewable energy goals.

Next, analyse the challenges associated with harnessing tidal energy, such as technological limitations, high upfront costs, environmental concerns, and site-specific requirements.

Next, provide an overview of the steps taken by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) to assess tidal energy potential in India, including the establishment of pilot projects and research initiatives.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to overcome above mentioned challenges.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

6. People with high emotional intelligence tend to excel in personal and professional settings because they can navigate interpersonal interactions with sensitivity and effectiveness. Discuss. (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining emotional intelligence.

Body:

Next, mention the various components of emotional intelligence that help in excel in personal and professional setting by reducing conflicts at the work place and work effectively. Link it with proper examples real or hypothetical ones to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on training public servants to use emotional intelligence for conflict resolution.

 

Topic: social influence and persuasion.  

7. Persuasion and influence are both concepts related to changing or shaping the behavior, beliefs, or opinions of others, but they differ in their approaches and underlying principles Compare and contrast.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

A straightforward question to distinguish between persuasion and influence.

Directive word: 

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by clearly defining Persuasion and Influence In your own words.

Body:

Through suitable illustrations, highlight the contrasting approaches of a Persuasion and Influence. Use examples to clearly outline the difference between the two.

Next, bring out the relative effect of force and persuasion. Write as to the various emotions associated with force and persuasion. Use examples to substantiate your argument.

Conclusion:

Mention how Persuasion is a stronger tool as opposed to Influence.

 

UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice -8-8-2023

 


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