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The doctrine of ‘reasonableness’


Source: TH

 Context: Israeli courts have invoked the reasonableness doctrine to scrutinize political appointments and executive decisions.


What is The doctrine of ‘reasonableness’?

 The ‘reasonableness doctrine is a legal principle used to evaluate the validity of administrative decisions. It assesses whether a decision is extremely unreasonable, based on factors like the consideration of relevant information, proper balancing of factors, and absence of irrelevant influences.


If a decision lacks these qualities, it can be invalidated.

For instance, if a government decision allocates resources without adequately considering the impact on citizens’ well-being, or if a political appointment is made without proper evaluation of the candidate’s qualifications, the ‘reasonableness’ doctrine can be used to challenge and overturn such decisions.


Indian context:

India has a ‘Doctrine of Non-Arbitrariness and Reasonable Classification’ originating from Article 14 (fundamental right to equality to every citizen in the country)