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While natural tectonic processes are the primary drivers of earthquakes, anthropogenic activities can trigger seismic events under specific conditions. Analyse.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. While natural tectonic processes are the primary drivers of earthquakes, anthropogenic activities can trigger seismic events under specific conditions. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question: Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes of earthquakes and natural and anthropogenic causes behind it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining an Earthquake.

Body:

In first part, give a brief about the mechanism of an earthquake and how it occurs.

Next, write about the various natural causes of earthquakes – movement of plates at divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries. Volcanic activity and faulting etc.

Next, write about anthropogenic causes of earthquakes – dam construction, mining operations, nuclear tests etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of preparedness to deal with earthquakes.