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[MISSION 2024] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 2 August 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. While natural tectonic processes are the primary drivers of earthquakes, anthropogenic activities can trigger seismic events under specific conditions. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question: Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes of earthquakes and natural and anthropogenic causes behind it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining an Earthquake.

Body:

In first part, give a brief about the mechanism of an earthquake and how it occurs.

Next, write about the various natural causes of earthquakes – movement of plates at divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries. Volcanic activity and faulting etc.

Next, write about anthropogenic causes of earthquakes – dam construction, mining operations, nuclear tests etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of preparedness to deal with earthquakes.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. What is temperature inversion? Explain the several mechanisms that can lead to temperature inversions. What are the impacts of temperature inversions? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the mechanism of temperature inversions, its types and impact.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining temperature inversion.

Body:

First, explain the various Types of Temperature Inversion – Ground Inversion, Turbulence Inversion, Subsidence Inversion, Air drainage type of Inversion and Frontal Inversion etc.

Next, explain the impact of temperature inversion on agriculture, air quality, energy consumption, transportation, and other sectors

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

3. A comprehensive reform of the policing system is essential to create a just, transparent, and responsive policing system that can effectively tackle evolving crime scenarios while respecting the rights of individuals. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article emphasizes the urgent need for reforming the policing system to address contemporary challenges and ensure effective law enforcement.

Key Demand of the question:

To about various reforms that are needed in the police force.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning importance of police in maintaining law and order in the country.

Body:

First, write about the need for reforms – mention systemic factors, attitudinal factors, and political factors etc which are responsible for this. Use recent to substantiate your points.

Next, mention the steps to be taken in this regard to have an efficient, empathetic, sensitive, responsive and an accountable police force. Cite various committees and SC recommendations in this regard as well.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;

4. A legal guarantee for Minimum support price (MSP) should be part of a broader agricultural reform strategy that includes market reforms, technology adoption, and improving farmers’ access to credit and infrastructure. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article emphasizes the importance of legally establishing the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for agricultural products in India

Key Demand of the question:

To write about tory the various issues in the MSP regime and how a statutory backing can help solve the issues and other measures required to have comprehensive reforms.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by writing about MSP, its aims and objectives.

Body:

Next, mention the limitations associated with MSP. Non-realisation of Price, Lack of procurement, only beneficial for selected crops, Lack of quality control and payment immediacy etc.

Next, write about legal guarantee for MSP and how it can help overcome the above issues.

Next, write about the systemic measures that are needed for farmers to get remunerative prices. Increasing procurement efficacy, increasing awareness level of farmer and considering price deficiency payments etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Digital Public Infrastructure in India has evolved significantly in the past decade, creating a strong foundation for digital transformation across various sectors. As India continues its journey towards a digital economy, the effective utilization and expansion of DPI will be crucial in realizing the country’s vision of inclusive and sustainable growth. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The article discusses the concept of Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI) and emphasizes its global significance.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about DPI, its components and their growth and opportunities it offers.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining DPI

Body:

First, write about the key components of DPI in India – Aadhaar, Digital Locker, Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS), Unified Payments Interface (UPI), and National Knowledge Network (NKN) and its their usage.

Next, write about the growth of DPI and their applications in the various sectors.

Next, write about the opportunities in DPI for the future and how India can harness it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“States are doomed when they are unable to distinguish good men from bad.” ― Confucius.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning about selflessness.

Body:

Write about the presence of good and bad people in the country and societies across the world. It is pertinent for the state to identify them. Good people should be encouraged and bad people should be punished. If good people are punished and bad people rewarded, states are bound to be doomed. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“The purpose of life is not to be happy. It is to be useful, to be honorable, to be compassionate, to have it make some difference that you have lived and lived well.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote and highlighting its core meaning about selflessness.

Body:

Write about people looking beyond their own happiness and consider how they can positively affect the lives of others. It aligns with the idea that a meaningful and purposeful life involves giving back, showing compassion, and leaving a positive mark on the world, even if it means sacrificing some personal desires in the process. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice -2-8-2023

 


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